OverviewAortic Valve regurgitation

Aortic valve regurgitation – or aorta regurgitation – is a condition that occurs when your cardiac aorta does not close tightly. As a result, some of the blood pumping out of the pump chamber of your heart (left ventricle) leaks backward.

Leaks may prevent your heart from pumping blood properly throughout your body. As a result, you may feel tired and out of breath.

Aortic valve regeneration can develop spontaneously or over decades.  Surgical correction of the aortic valve becomes necessary once aortic valve regurgitation is severe. ¹

Symptoms

Usually, regurgitation of the aortic valve gradually increases. You may not have any signs or symptoms for years. You may not know you have this condition. However, sometimes aortic valve regurgitation occurs suddenly, usually due to valve infection.

Signs and symptoms of severe aortic regurgitation may include

When to seek medical help

Contact your doctor right away if you have signs and symptoms of aortic valve regurgitation.

Sometimes the first symptoms of aortic valve regurgitation are related to heart failure. Make time to see your doctor if you have fatigue that may be better at rest, shortness of breath, and swollen ankles and feet, which are common symptoms of heart failure.

Causes

The aortic valve is one of the four valves that control the flow of blood to the heart. It separates the pump chamber of the heart (left ventricle) and the main artery that supplies oxygen-rich blood to your body (aorta). The valve has flaps (cusps or strips) that open and close once each heartbeat.

At the entrance to the aortic valve, the valve does not close properly, causing blood to flow back into the ventricular septum (left ventricle). As a result, the left ventricle absorbs more blood, which in turn may cause it to become larger and/or thicker.

Initially, the large left ventricle helps maintain good blood flow with extra force. But in the end these changes weaken the left ventricle – and your whole heart.

Regurgitation of the aortic valve usually occurs gradually, but may develop abruptly if it is caused by valve infection. Any condition that damages the aortic valve can cause recurrence. However, you can develop aortic valve regurgitation without any known risk factors.

Causes of aortic valve inflammation include:

Risk factors

Factors that make you more likely to improve aortic valve duplication include:

Problems

Possible problems with aortic valve replacement include:

Prevention

If you have any type of heart condition, see your doctor regularly so that he or she can monitor you. If you have a parent, child, brother or sister with a bicuspid aortic valve, you should have an echocardiogram to check for the aortic valve. Holding aorta valve regurgitation or other heart condition before it starts or in the early stages may make it easier to treat.

Also, take precautionary measures that may increase your risk of aortic valve regeneration, including:

Diagnosis

To check the flow of the aortic valve, your doctor will perform a physical examination and ask you questions about your symptoms and symptoms and your family’s medical history. Your doctor may hear strange sounds (sighs) as you listen to your heart with a stethoscope. A cardiologist may examine you.

Your doctor may schedule several tests to diagnose aortic valve recurrence and determine its cause. Testing may include:

Treatment

Treatment of aortic valve regurgitation depends on the severity of your condition, depends on signs and symptoms, and if your condition worsens. The principles of aortic valve regurgitation treatment to alleviate symptoms and prevent complications.

If your symptoms are mild or you have no symptoms, your doctor may monitor your condition by regularly monitoring you and recommending changes in your health. You may need regular echocardiograms to make sure the duplication of your aortic valve is not too bad.

Medications

Your doctor may recommend that you take medication to treat symptoms of aortic valve regurgitation or to reduce the risk of complications. Medications may be given to lower blood pressure.

Surgery or other procedures

Eventually, you may need surgery to repair or replace a diseased aorta valve, especially if you have aortic recurrence and severe symptoms. However, some people need surgery even if it is not difficult, or they have no symptoms.

The decision to repair or replace a damaged aortic valve depends on your symptoms, age and overall health, and whether you need heart surgery to correct another heart problem. If you do some heart surgery, doctors can perform aortic valve surgery at the same time.

Surgery to repair or replace the aortic valve may be performed as open heart surgery, which involves a cut (cut) in the chest. Sometimes doctors can perform very small heart operations to replace the aortic valve. This procedure, called transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR), uses smaller holes than those used in open-heart surgery.

Aortic valve replacement surgery includes:aotic valve replacement

Lifestyle and home remedies

Although lifestyle changes may prevent or control your condition, your doctor may suggest that you include several cardiovascular agents in your life. This may include:

Pregnancy and aortic valve regurgitation

For women with aortic valve regurgitation, it is important to talk to your doctor before you become pregnant. Your doctor can discuss with you what medications you can safely take, and whether you need a procedure to treat your valve condition before pregnancy.

You will probably need to monitor your doctor closely during pregnancy. Doctors may recommend that women with severe valve conditions avoid pregnancy in order to avoid the risk of complications.

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