Rheumatic fever

Rheumatic Fever is an inflammatory illness that can manifest when strep or scarlet fever aren’t treated properly. Scarlet fever and strep throat result from an infection caused by streptococcus bacteria.

Rheumatic disease is typically a problem for children between five and fifteen years old, but it can also affect younger children as well as adults. Although strep-thyme is quite common, however, rheumatic illness is uncommon within the United States and other developed nations. But, the rheumatic disease is prevalent in many countries that are developing.

 

Rheumatic fever may create permanent harm to your heart such as damaged heart valves and failure. Treatments can lessen the damage caused by inflammation, reduce discomfort and other signs and help prevent the recurrence of rheumatic disease.

 

 

Symptoms

The symptoms of rheumatic fever can be varied. It is possible to experience only a few symptoms or many symptoms, and the signs can change over your course through the illness. The first signs of rheumatic disease generally occur between two and four weeks following infection with strep throat.

Signs and symptoms of Rheumatic Fibromyalgia that result from inflammation of joints, the heart skin, central nervous system could include:

When should you seek medical help?

Make sure your child visits an ophthalmologist for any signs or symptoms of strep and includes:

The proper treatment of strep thyroid can help prevent rheumatic fever. Additionally, you should have your child visit a physician in the event that he or she exhibits other signs of rheumatic disease.

Causes

Rheumatic illness can be triggered by an infection in the throat that is caused by the bacteria streptococcus group A. The streptococcal infections of Group A in the throat trigger the condition strep throat, or more frequently scarlet fever.

Group A streptococcus infections on the skin or other areas of the body are not often a cause for Rheumatic fever.

The link between strep-related infections and rheumatic disease isn’t completely clear however it is believed that the bacteria can trick our immune system.

The strep bacteria are an identical protein to that found in specific tissues in the body. Our immune system, which is normally focused on bacteria that cause infections and attack the body’s own tissues especially those of the joints, heart the skin, and the central nervous system. The immune system’s response results in the swelling of tissue (inflammation).

If your child is given promptly treatment using an antibiotic to get rid of the strep bacterium and receives every medication prescribed There’s a low chance of getting the rheumatic fever.

If your child is suffering from one or more instances of scarlet fever or strep-thorough which aren’t properly treated or properly treated, he/ could develop rheumatic fever.

Risk factors

Factors that make it more likely to develop rheumatic fever are:

Complications

Rheumatic fever
Rheumatic fever, Osler nodes, Janeway Lesion

Rheumatic fever-related inflammation can last for a few weeks to a couple of months. In certain cases the inflammation can lead to chronic complications.

Rheumatic fever may permanently damage the heart (rheumatic heart disease). It typically occurs between 10 and 20 years later than the initial disease, however severe cases of the rheumatic disease can result in damage to valves of the heart even if your child is still suffering from symptoms. Most problems occur in the valve that connects the left and right chambers of the heart (mitral valve) However, the other valves may also be affected.

The result can be:

A damaged mitral valve and other heart valves, as well as other heart tissues, may cause issues with the heart later on in the course of. These conditions could result in:

Prevention

There is only one way to stop rheumatic illness is to take care of strep throat infections or scarlet fever as soon as possible by taking a complete course of appropriate antibiotics.

Diagnosis

While there is no one test for rheumatic disease the diagnosis is determined by the medical history, a physical exam, and test results. Tests could include:

 

 

Treatment

The objectives in treating rheumatic disease is to eliminate remaining streptococcal groups A, and relieve symptoms, manage inflammation, and keep the condition from recurring.

Treatments can include:

Long-term care

Discuss with your physician what kind of follow-up medical attention your child might require.

The damage to the heart from the rheumatic disease may not be apparent for a long time. When you reach the age of adulthood your child should ensure that doctors are aware of the rheumatic illness and have regular heart checks.

Lifestyle and remedies for home use

The doctor may suggest the bed rest of your child. They may also request that you limit the activities of your child until pain, inflammation and other signs have diminished. If there is inflammation in the heart tissue the child may require an extended period of bed rest, ranging from several weeks or several months, based on the severity of inflammation.

 

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