angina pectoris

Angina Pectoris

Angina is a kind of chest pain that results from diminished circulation of blood to the heart. Angina is a sign of coronary arterial disease.

Angina is also known as angina pectoris, is usually described as pressure, squeezing, tension, or tightness in your chest. People who experience angina symptoms feel like they are in the chest is squeezed by a vise or a weighty weight resting across their chest. Angina could be a brand new pain that should be examined by a physician or it could be a recurring discomfort that subsides after treatment.

Although angina is fairly common however, it is difficult to distinguish from other kinds of chest pains, like the discomfort caused by indigestion. If you are experiencing unresolved chest pain, you should seek medical attention as soon as you can.


Angina symptoms can include symptoms of chest discomfort and pain often described as pressure burning, or squeezing.

There may be an injury to your neck, arms jaw, shoulder, or back.

Other signs you could experience with angina include:

The symptoms should be assessed promptly by a physician who will determine if you suffer from stable angina or unstable angina, that could indicate an attack on your heart.

The most frequent kind of angina. It typically occurs when you are exerting yourself and disappears after rest. For instance it is possible to feel pain while walking uphill, or during colder conditions could be angina.

The characteristics of stable angina

The intensity, duration, and the type of angina differ. A new or different symptom could indicate a more serious type of angina (unstable angina) or heart attack.

The characteristics of angina that is unstable

Another type of angina is known as variant angina also known as Prinzmetal’s Angina. This kind of angina is less common. This is caused due to a spasm of the heart’s arteries, which temporarily decreases blood flow.

The characteristics of angina variants (Prinzmetal’s angina)

Angina in women

The symptoms of angina for women may differ in the same way that angina symptoms occur in males. These variations can result in delay when seeking medical attention. For instance chest pain may be the most frequent indication for women suffering from angina however it might not be the sole symptom or the most common female symptom. Women can also experience symptoms like:

When should you seek medical help?

If the pain in your chest lasts more than a few minutes, and it doesn’t disappear even after resting or taking your angina medicine this could be an indication of an attack on your heart. Get medical assistance in an emergency. Make arrangements for transportation. You should only drive to the hospital in case of emergency.

If chest pain is a new symptom that’s been noticed by you, it’s crucial to consult your physician to find out the reason for the chest pain, and receive the proper treatment. In the event that you’ve been identified as having stable angina and it continues to get worse or worsens you, get medical attention right away.

Causes of angina pectoris

Angina is caused due to a decreased blood flow to the heart muscle. The blood supply of oxygen to the heart muscle and oxygen, which the heart muscle requires to function properly. If your heart muscle isn’t receiving sufficient oxygen supply, this can cause an issue known as Ischemia.

The most frequent cause of diminished circulation of blood to your heart muscles is called coronary artery disease (CAD). The heart (coronary) vessels can be narrowed due to fatty deposits known as plaques. This is known as atherosclerosis.

When you’re experiencing low demand for oxygen such as when you’re laying down at home, for instance your heart muscle might be able to function with the lesser blood flow, without experiencing symptoms of angina. However, when you increase the amount of oxygen you require for example, during exercise, you could experience angina.

Risk factors

Risk factors like the following can increase your chance of developing angina and coronary artery disease:


The chest pain associated due to angina may make regular actions, such as walking difficult. The most serious result is a heart attack.

The most common indications and symptoms for a heart attack are:

If you experience one of the symptoms listed above, you should seek urgent medical attention.


It is possible to prevent angina through the same changes to your lifestyle that can alleviate your symptoms if already suffer from angina. This includes:


In order to diagnose angina it is best to start by conducting a physical exam and then asking about the symptoms you experience. Additionally, they will inquire about your potential risk factors, like whether you have any family medical history with heart problems.

There are a variety of tests that your doctor can conduct to confirm if you suffer from angina


There are a variety of alternatives for treating angina which include lifestyle changes or medications, angioplasty the use of stenting or surgical coronary bypass. The main goals of treatment is to lessen the number and severity of your symptoms, and reduce the risk of suffering a heart attack or death.

If you experience angina pain that’s not the usual like in the absence of in a resting state, you must seek medical attention in the hospital.


If lifestyle changes don’t alleviate angina, you might need to consider taking medication. This could include:

The medical procedure and surgical procedures

Lifestyle modifications and medication are often employed to treat angina that is stable. But medical procedures , such as coronary artery bypass surgery could be employed to treat angina.

Lifestyle modification

Since heart disease is usually the reason for angina, you can lessen or even prevent angina by reducing the risk factors that increase your risk of heart disease. Making changes to your lifestyle is the most crucial option you have.

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