Overview of Chest Pain:

The pain in the chest can take many varieties, from a sharp cut to an ache that isn’t as intense. Sometimes, chest pain is a bit like a string or a burning. In certain instances, the pain may radiate across the neck, through the jaw, and spread to the back or down either arm. A variety of issues can trigger chest discomfort. The most severe cases are those that affect the lungs or the heart. Since chest pains can signal an imminent problem, it is essential to seek medical assistance immediately.

Symptoms of Chest Pain:

Chest pain can trigger various symptoms based on the cause the trigger for the sign. Most of the time, the reason has nothing related to the heart. However, there’s no simple method to determine this without consulting an expert in health care.

Heart-related chest pain

Although chest pain is frequently related to heart disease, many people are suffering from heart disease report that they feel a nagging discomfort that’s not necessarily categorized as discomfort. In general, chest pain due to heart attacks or another heart issue could be explained as a result of any of the following symptoms:
  • Burning, fullness, pressure, or tightness in your chest.
  • A throbbing or searing pain that radiates into your neck, back, jaw, shoulders, as well as one or both arms
  • The pain lasts for more than a few minutes, is more intense with exercise, then goes away, only to come back or changes in intensity.
  • Breathing shortness
  • Cold sweats
  • A feeling of drowsiness or dizziness.
  • Nausea or vomiting

Other kinds of chest discomfort

It is sometimes difficult to differentiate heart-related chest pain from other forms that cause chest pain. But chest pain more likely to be caused by heart problems is usually associated with:
  • A bitter taste or sensation of food entering your mouth
  • Trouble swallowing
  • The pain gets better or worse as you alter your body posture.
  • Pain that is worsens when you cough or breathe deeply.
  • The feeling of tenderness as you press on your chest
  • It is a painful condition that lasts for many hours.
The typical heartburn symptoms, an uncomfortable burning sensation that radiates from the breastbone, could be due to issues with the heart or stomach.

Causes

The pain in the chest can have many causes. All of them require medical treatment.

Heart-related issues

Some examples of heart-related causes for chest pain are:
  • Heart attack. A heart attack results from a blockage in blood flow, usually due to a blood clot into the cardiac muscle.
  • Angina. Angina is the term used to describe chest pain caused by inadequate flow of blood towards the heart. This is typically due to the formation of thick plaques on the wall of the vessels that transport oxygen to the. The plaques narrow the blood vessels and limit the blood flow to the heart, especially during physical exercise.
  • The dissection of the Aortic. This life-threatening condition is caused by the main artery that flows to your heart (aorta). When the inner layers of the blood vessel split from each other, blood pressure is pushed through the layers, which could cause the aorta rupture.
  • It affects the sac that surrounds the heart (pericarditis). This condition usually triggers intense pain that becomes more severe while breathing in or lying down.

Digestive causes

Problems with the digestive system may cause chest pain. This includes:
  • Heartburn. This painful, burning sensation behind the breastbone happens when stomach acid is washed out of the stomach to the tube that connects the throat with the stomach (esophagus).
  • Disorders in swallowing. Diseases of the stomach can make swallowing difficult and painful.
  • Pancreas or gallbladder problems. Gallstones or inflammation of the pancreas or gallbladder could cause pain in the abdomen that can spread to the chest.

The bone and muscle cause

Certain types of chest pain can be associated with injuries or other issues related to the structures that form the chest wall. These include:
  • Costochondritis. In this type of condition, the cartilage in the ribs, and mainly the cartilage that connects the ribs and the breastbone, gets painful and inflamed.
  • The muscles are aching. Chronic pain syndromes like fibromyalgia may cause chronic chest pain.
  • Ribs injured. A bruised or broken rib could cause chest discomfort.

Lung-related issues

Many lung disorders can cause chest pain, including:
  • Blood clots within the lung (pulmonary embolism). A blood clot stuck in the lung (pulmonary) arterial vein can cause blockage of the flow of blood towards lung tissue.
  • Inflammation of the lining of the lung (pleurisy). This condition can trigger chest pain whenever you cough or breathe in.
  • Lung collapse. The chest pain caused by collapsed lungs usually begins abruptly and may be present for hours and is often accompanied by breathing problems. A collapsed lung is when air leaks out of the lung’s space as well as the ribs.
  • The blood pressure of the arteries of the lung (pulmonary hypertension). This condition is a problem for the blood vessels that carry oxygen to the lung. It may cause chest pain.

Other causes

The chest pain could also be caused by
  • A panic attack. Suppose you have periods of intense anxiety with chest pain or a quick heartbeat, fast breathing, extreme sweating, breathlessness, nausea, dizziness, and concern about dying. In that case, you could be experiencing an attack of panic.
  • Shingles. Caused by a revival of the chickenpox Virus, the shingles can cause pain and blisters that stretch starting from the back and extending up to inside the chest.
 

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