albuterol (Inhalation)

Name of the generic: Albuterol 
The class of drug: Adrenergic bronchodilators

Brands names

In Canada

Available Dosage Forms:

Therapeutic Class: Bronchodilator

Pharmacologic Class: Beta-2 Adrenergic Agonist

Uses for Albuterol 

Albuterol 
Albuterol

Albuterol helps treat or stop bronchospasm for people suffering from asthma, emphysema, bronchitis and various lung diseases. Albuterol is also used to stop bronchospasms due to exercise.

Albuterol is part of the family of drugs called adrenergic bronchodilators. Adrenergic bronchodilators are inhaled through the mouth to widen the bronchial tube (air passages) in the lungs. They ease wheezing, cough and difficulty breathing because they increase the airflow through the bronchial tube.

This medication is only available upon prescription by your doctor.

Before using Albuterol 

When deciding whether to take a medication, the potential risks of using the medication should be evaluated against the positive effects it could bring. This is a decision that you and your physician will take. To determine the appropriate medicine to be considered, the following factors should be taken into consideration:

Allergies

Discuss with your physician whether you’ve had an unusual or unrelated reaction to this medication or any other medications. Inform your health care specialist if you suffer from any other allergies, like to dyes, foods or preservatives. You may also be allergic to animals. For non-prescription medications, review the label or the ingredient list carefully.

Pediatric

The most appropriate studies up to now haven’t revealed specific problems for children that could hinder the effectiveness of ProAir(r) Digihaler(TM), ProAir(r) Digihaler(TM), ProAir(r) HFA, ProAir(r) Respiclick(r), Proventil(r) HFA, and Ventolin(r) HFA in children 4 years old or older and Albuterol (r) in children aged 2 years old or older. However, safety and effectiveness are not known in the case of ProAir(r) Digihaler(TM), ProAir(r) HFA, ProAir(r) Respiclick(r), Proventil(r) HFA, and Ventolin(r) HFA in children younger than 4 years old and Albuterol (r) for children less than 2 years old. of age.

Geriatric

No appropriate studies have been conducted to determine the connection between age and the effect of Proventil(r) HFA in the ageing population. However, patients who are elderly tend to develop heart issues that are related to age, which could require caution when determining the dosage for those taking Proventil(r) HFA.

The studies that have been conducted up to now haven’t revealed specific geriatric issues that could restrict the use for ProAir(r) Digihaler(TM), ProAir(r) HFA, ProAir(r) Respiclick(r), and Ventolin(r) HFA in elderly patients. However, older patients tend to suffer from age-related kidney, heart or liver issues that may warrant caution and adjustments to the dosage for patients taking ProAir(r) Digihaler(TM), ProAir(r) HFA, ProAir(r) Respiclick(r), and Ventolin(r) HFA.

There isn’t any information on the connection between age and the adverse effects of albuterol inhalation solutions (eg, Albuterol (r)) in geriatric patients.

Breastfeeding

There are no studies that are sufficient of women that can determine the risks to babies when using this medication while breastfeeding. Be sure to weigh the potential benefits against the risks that could be associated with using this medication during nursing.

Interactions with medications

While certain medications should not be combined in any way In other instances, two medicines can be combined even though there is a chance of interaction. In these situations, the doctor may decide to alter the dosage or make other precautions required. When you’re taking this medication it is essential that you inform your healthcare provider whether you’re using any one of these drugs that are listed below. The following interactions were chosen based on their potential importance and may not be all-inclusive.

Utilizing this medicine in conjunction together with any of the following medications is generally not advised, but could be required in certain instances. If two medicines are prescribed at the same time the doctor could alter the dosage or the frequency you take one or both of the drugs.

Utilizing this medicine in conjunction together with the following drugs could cause an increased risk of some adverse reactions, however, having both medicines in combination could be the best option for you. If you have been prescribed both medications by your doctor, they could alter the dose or frequency of use of one or both medications.

Interactions with food, tobacco and alcohol

Certain medications shouldn’t be used during or near the time of having food items or eating particular kinds of food, as interactions can happen. Smoking or drinking alcohol in conjunction together with certain medications can result in interactions. Discuss with your physician the interactions of your medication in conjunction with alcohol, food or tobacco.

Other medical conditions

The presence of any other medical conditions could affect the usage of this medication. It is important to inform your doctor if there are any other medical issues including:

Proper use of Albuterol 

This section will provide information about the correct use of several Albuterol-containing products. It might not be applicable to Albuterol . Take care when reading.

Use this medication only in accordance with the instructions of your physician. Do not take more than it and avoid using it more frequently than what your doctor has prescribed. Also, don’t stop taking this medication or any other asthma medication without consulting your physician. This could increase the risk of breathing problems.

This albuterol-based inhalation solution (eg, Albuterol (r)) is best used in conjunction with the use of a jet nebulizer linked with an air compressor that has an airflow that is good. The inhalation solution and the nebulizer comes with patient directions. Take note of these directions and follow them attentively. Talk to your doctor if have any concerns.

To utilize for the inhalation solution that is in the nebulizer:

It is the albuterol-inhalation aerosol (eg, ProAir(r) HFA, Proventil(r) HFA, Ventolin(r) HFA) and albuterol inhalation powder (eg, ProAir(r) Digihaler(TM), ProAir(r) Respiclick(r)) are made with an inhaler, which comes with instructions. Be sure to read the instructions carefully prior to applying this medication. If your child or you does not understand the instructions or aren’t certain what to do with the inhaler, consult your physician to explain what you need to do. Additionally, you can ask your doctor to examine regularly how you and your child use the inhaler to ensure you’re using it in a safe manner.

To make use of the aerosol for inhalation:

To make use of inhalation powder: Inhalation Powder:

Dosing

The dosage of this medicine can differ depending on the patient. Follow the instructions of your physician or the instructions in the prescription. This information is the most common dose of this medication. If your dose differs you should not alter it unless your doctor instructs you to change it.

The quantity of medicine you consume is contingent on how strong the drug is. In addition, the number of doses you will take every day, the amount of time between doses and the duration of time that you are taking the medication will be contingent on the medical issue for which you’re taking the medication.

Missed dose

If you are missing a dose of this medicine be sure to take it as fast as you are able. If it’s nearing the time to take your next dose, avoid the missed dose and then go back to your usual dosage schedule. Don’t double dose your doses.

Storage

Place the medication in the pouch in foil till you’re ready to utilize it. Keep it at room temperature in a cool, dark place away from direct sunlight and heat. Avoid freezing.

Keep unopened vials of this medication at room temperature, away from sunlight and heat. Avoid freezing. A medicine vial that is open should be used immediately.

Keep the medicine in a tightly sealed container that is kept at room temperature and away from moisture, heat and sunlight. Avoid the medicine from freezing.

Keep your items out of children’s reach.

Don’t keep old medicine or medicines that are no longer required.

Discuss with your doctor what you can do with any medication you don’t make use of.

The canister should be kept at room temperature in a cool, dark place away from direct light and heat. Don’t freeze. Keep this medication inside your car, that is exposed to extreme cold or heat. Do not puncture holes in the container or put it in the flames, even though the container is empty.

Keep in the store Proventil(r) HFA or Ventolin(r) HFA inhaler, with the mouthpiece in place.

Toss any ProAir(r) Digihaler(TM) or ProAir(r) Respiclick(r) 13 months after opening the foil pouch when the dose counter has reached “0” or when the date of expiration is reached, whichever occurs first.

Detailed Albuterol  dosage information

Use caution when using Albuterol 

It is crucial that your doctor monitor the progress of your child or yourself regularly during your check-ups. This will enable your doctor to determine whether the medication is working correctly and check for any adverse side effects.

Do not take this medicine alongside other similar inhalation medications like isoproterenol (Isuprel(r)) and levalbuterol (Xopenex(tm)) Metaproterenol (Alupent(r)) or the drug pirbuterol (Maxair(r)) or Terbutaline (Brethaire(r)).

This medication can cause paradoxical bronchospasm. That means that your wheezing or breathing can get worse. It could be life-threatening. Consult your physician immediately if your child is experiencing trouble breathing, coughing or wheezing following the use of this medication.

Speak to your doctor or seek medical attention promptly if you:

Your child or you might be taking an anti-inflammatory medication, such as the steroid (cortisone-like medicine) along with this medication. Don’t discontinue taking the anti-inflammatory medicine even if your asthma appears improved, except if your physician advises you to.

Albuterol can trigger serious allergic reactions, like anaphylaxis that can be life-threatening and require urgent medical care. Talk to your doctor immediately if either you or your children suffer from an allergic skin reaction or itching or difficulty breathing or swallowing or any swelling in your hands, face or mouth while taking this medication.

Hypokalemia (low potassium levels in the blood) can occur when taking this medication. Talk to your doctor immediately If the child or you is suffering from reduced urine dry mouth, a thirst that is increased and irregular heartbeats and loss of appetite. mood swings muscles cramps or pain nausea, vomiting, feeling of numbness or tingling on the feet, hands or lips, breathing problems seizures, or other unusual weakness or fatigue.

Don’t take any other medication in the absence of discussing them with your physician. This includes nonprescription or prescription (over-the-counter OTC) medications for controlling appetite asthma, colds or cough, hayfever or sinus issues and vitamin supplements.

Albuterol side effects

Alongside its necessary effects, some medicines may result in unwanted negative effects. Although not all negative side effects are likely to occur, if they occur, they might require medical attention.

Consult your physician immediately in the event that any of these adverse effects happen:

More commonly

Less well-known

Rare

Incidence unknown

There are some side effects that can occur that usually don’t require medical care. These symptoms may disappear when the body adapts to yours. Additionally, your doctor might be able to inform you of ways to avoid or lessen the effects of these adverse effects. Consult your doctor in the event that any of these symptoms persist or become troubling or if you have questions regarding these:

More commonly

Less popular

Rare

The exact cause is not known.

Other side effects that aren’t listed could also be present in certain patients. If you experience any other symptoms, consult with your doctor.

Contact your physician for advice from a medical professional regarding adverse effects. You can report any side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

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