Tricuspid Valve Regurgitation

Tricuspid valve regurgitation
         

Tricuspid valve regurgitation can be described as a kind of heart valve disorder where the valve that connects the two right chambers of the heart (right ventricle, and the right atrium) isn’t closing correctly. In the result, blood leaks backwards to the right upper chamber (right atrium).

The person could be born with regurgitation of the tricuspid valve (congenital cardiac disease). In some cases, tricuspid valve regurgitation is a result of valve issues that are caused by health conditions.

The condition is mild and might not be a cause of symptoms, and may not require medical treatment. In the event that the issue is serious and is causing symptoms and signs treatment or surgery could be required.

Symptoms

Tricuspid valve regurgitation typically does not cause symptoms or signs until the condition becomes serious. The condition can be identified through tests to determine the cause.

The signs and signs and symptoms of tricuspid valve regurgitation can be:

When should you seek medical help?

Set up an appointment with your medical professional if feel tired easily or feel short of breath when doing exercise. Your health care provider can recommend you to a physician who is trained in heart issues (cardiologist).

Causes

To better understand the reasons behind regurgitation of the tricuspid valve might be beneficial to know what the function of your heart as well as valves work.

Normal heart chambers
Chambers and valves of the heart

The typical heart is comprised of four chambers. The two chambers in the upper (atria) are filled with blood. Lower chambers (ventricles) are used to pump blood. Four valves are opened and closed to ensure that blood flows in the right direction. These valves in the heart are:

The tricuspid valve lies between the two chambers on the right. The tricuspid valve comprises the three flaps of tissues (called cusps or leaflets). The valve flaps open to allow blood circulate from the right upper chamber (right atrium) to the lower right chamber (right ventricle). The valve flaps are then closed tight to stop blood from moving backwards.

Regurgitation of the tricuspid valve, the valve that closes the tricuspid doesn’t seal completely. This causes blood leaks backwards into the left atrium.

Regurgitation of the Tricuspid valve can cause:

Risk factors

A variety of factors can increase the chance that tricuspid valve regurgitation occurs for example:

Complications

Potentially serious complications associated with regurgitation of the tricuspid valve could be:

Diagnosis

Tricuspid valve regurgitation may occur in a silent manner. When children are affected, the condition is not diagnosed until later in life. Tricuspid valve regurgitation could be detected through imaging studies of the heart are performed in other ways.

Tests

If your healthcare provider believes that you be suffering from tricuspid valve dysfunction, different tests are performed in order to verify the diagnosis as well as to determine the reason and extent. Test results will help your doctor create a suitable treatment plan.

 

Echocardiogram

Echocardiograms use sound waves to create images of the heart moving. The test will reveal the structure of the heart , the heart valves as well as how blood moves through the heart.

Tests to determine regurgitation of the tricuspid valve could consist of:

 

Treatment

Treatment for tricuspid valve regurgitation is contingent on the root cause and severity of the condition. The objectives of treatment include ¹:

If you are experiencing moderate tricuspid valve regurgitation it is unlikely that you require regular examinations. For more serious regurgitation, you might require regular visits to check your condition.

If the tricuspid valve is damaged caused by an underlying condition or a congenital heart defect you may require medications or a catheter procedure and surgery for repair or replacement of the valve.

Medications

Your doctor may prescribe medications to manage symptoms or address an underlying condition which causes regurgitation of the tricuspids. The medications may include:

Other procedures or surgeries

Certain people suffering from regurgitation of the tricuspid valve could require an operation to replace or repair the valve. The repair or replacement of valves can be performed as open heart procedure or as a minimally-invasive heart operation. Sometimes, tricuspid valve problems could be fixed using a catheter-based treatment.

A medical professional might recommend the repair or replacement of tricuspid valve surgery in the following situations:

Other procedures or surgeries to treat regurgitation of the tricuspid valgus includes:

 

Lifestyle changes and risk factor modification

Your physician might suggest that you adopt some lifestyle adjustments in order to enhance your health as well as treat tricuspid valve regurgitation for example:

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