Generical name: metoprolol
The brand name: Kapspargo Sprinkle, Lopressor, Toprol-XL
Drug class: Cardioselective beta-blockers
What is metoprolol?
Metoprolol is a beta-blocker which alters the heart as well as circulation (blood flows through veins and arteries).
This medication is used in the treatment of angina (chest pain) and hypertension (high blood pressure).
Metoprolol can also be utilized to reduce the chance of dying or having to be hospitalized due to heart failure. Metoprolol injection is administered during the first stage after a heart attack in order to lower the risk of dying.¶
Metoprolol should not be used in the event of a severe heart issue (heart block or sick sinus syndrome, low heart beat) or have severe circulation issues and heart failure severe or have a background of heartbeats that are slow which led to fainting.
Before taking this medication, you must consult your physician
It is not recommended to use this medication if you have an allergy to metoprolol, or any other beta-blockers (atenolol or carvedilol, labetalol, and nebivolol), nadolol, propranolol, sotalol, or other) or are suffering from:
- an issue with the heart that is serious, like heart block or sick sinus syndrome or a slow rate of heartbeat;
- chronic circulation problems;
- severe heart failure of the heart (that forced you to be admitted to the hospital) •
- A history of heartbeats that are slow and may have led to your fainting.
To ensure that this medication is suitable for you, inform your doctor if:
- asthma, chronic obstructive lung disease (COPD) sleep apnea, or other breathing disorders.
- diabetes (taking metoprolol can make it difficult to detect the condition of having low glucose);
- liver disease;
- congestive heart failure;
- issues that affect circulatory issues (such as Raynaud’s Syndrome);
- a thyroid disorder; or
- Pheochromocytoma (a tumor that affects the adrenal gland).
Don’t give the medication to any child without medical guidance.
Consult your doctor if are expecting or planning to be pregnant. It’s not clear if metoprolol can harm an unborn baby. But being pregnant with high blood pressure could lead to complications, such as eclampsia or diabetes (dangerously hypertension that could cause medical issues in both the mother and the baby). The benefits of treating hypertension could outweigh any risk for the baby.
Talk to your doctor prior to taking this medication if you are breast feeding. Metoprolol can pass into breast milk, and could cause dry mouth, dry skin diarrhea, constipation, or slow heartbeats for your baby.
How do I take metoprolol?
Follow the exact dosage of metoprolol as recommended by your physician. Follow the directions on the label of your prescription and study all instructions or medication guides. The doctor might change the dosage of your medication.
Metoprolol is best taken in conjunction with an eating meal or shortly after eating.
The medicine should be taken at the same time every day.
Take it capsule intact, and don’t crush or chew on it, break it or break it open.
A tablet of Toprol XL may be divided into two when your physician has instructed you to do this. Take the tablet whole and without chewing, crushing, or chewing.
Take measurements of the amount of liquid medicine with care. Use the dosing device provided or a dose measuring device (not an ordinary spoon).
You’ll require frequent medical examinations, along your blood pressure is likely to be monitored regularly.
If you are going to undergo surgery, tell your surgeon beforehand that you’re taking this medication.
Do not stop taking this medication suddenly. A sudden stop can increase the severity of your illness.
If you suffer from elevated blood pressure continue taking metoprolol even when you feel fine. The presence of high blood pressure is often accompanied by no signs. It is possible that you will need this medication throughout your life.
Place in a cool, dry place far from heat and moisture.
Metoprolol injection is administered as an injection into the vein. The healthcare professional will administer the treatment in an environment in which your heart rate and blood pressure are checked. The injections will be given for a brief period before you switch to an oral version of the medicine.
Usual Adult Dose for Hypertension:
Metoprolol Tartrate Immediate Release Tablets:
Initial dosage: 100 mg orally per day, in one or two doses
Maintaining dose: 100- 500 mg daily orally.
Metoprolol Succinate Extended Release Tablets:
Initial dose: 25-100 mg taken orally, once per day
Dosage for maintenance: 100 to 400 mg once a day.
Usual Adult Dose for Angina Pectoris:
Tablets that immediately release Metoprolol tartrate 50 mg, taken orally two times every day.
Extended release tablets of Metoprolol succinate 100 mg, taken orally twice every day
Dosage for maintenance: 100- 400 mg daily.
Usual Adult Dose for Myocardial Infarction:
Metoprolol Tartrate :
Initial dose 5 mg IV every 2 min as is tolerated over 3 doses
Patients who can tolerate the whole IV dose (15 mg) 50 mg taken per day, taken orally. This begins 15 minutes after the end of the last IV dose, and continuing for up to 48 hours.
Patients who are not tolerant of the an IV dose of full strength (15 mg) 25 , 50 or 100 mg administered orally every 6 hours based on the severity of intolerance that begins 15 minutes after the end of the last IV dose or within the first 15 minutes if their medical situation permits.
Dosage for maintenance 100 mg every day, twice.
Usual Adult Dose for Congestive Heart Failure:
Metoprolol Succinate Extended Release Tablets:
25 mg once orally per day (12.5 mg once a day for patients with greater heart disease) Double dose every two weeks until the highest tolerated dose or as high as 200 mg taken orally every day.
Usual Pediatric Dose for Hypertension:
Metoprolol Succinate Extended Release Tablets:
6 Years or Older:
Initial dose: 1 mg/kg taken orally every day (not to exceed 50 mg at least once per day)
Maximum dosage 2-milligrams per kilogram (or 200 mg) every day, orally.
How do I deal with it if do not take the dose?
Take the missed dose off and take the next dose at your regular time. Don’t take two doses at the same time.
If I consume too much?
For medical emergencies, seek emergency medical attention or contact toll-free the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222.
What should you be aware of to
Avoid driving or engaging in hazardous activities until you understand the effects of this medication on your body. The way you react could be impaired.
Alcohol consumption can cause an increase in certain adverse effects associated with this drug.
Metoprolol side effects
See a doctor immediately If you are experiencing symptoms warning signs of an allergic reaction due to metoprolol, such as symptoms of hives; breathing difficulties, and swelling of your lips, face, and tongue.
Contact your doctor immediately If you suffer from:
- Very slow heartbeats
- A feeling of lightheadedness, as if you’re passing out;
- breathing shortness (even when exercising lightly) or swelling and rapid weight gain or
- The cold sensation in your feet and hands.
The most common metoprolol side effects are:
- Tiredness, dizziness;
- Depression, confusion, memory issues;
- nightmares, trouble sleeping;
- diarrhea; or
- Itching that is mild or not as severe.
This isn’t a complete list of all side effects. others could happen. Contact your physician to seek medical advice on adverse effects. You can report any adverse reactions to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
What other medications could be affecting metoprolol?
Inform your doctor about all the medications you take. Numerous drugs can interfere with metoprolol. These include:
- any other blood pressure medication;
- Epinephrine (Epi-Pen);
- an antidepressant
- an ergot medicine–dihydroergotamine, ergonovine, ergotamine, methylergonovine; or
- an MAO inhibitor–isocarboxazid, linezolid, phenelzine, rasagiline, selegiline, tranylcypromine.
This list isn’t complete and other medications may interfere with metoprolol. This includes over-the-counter and prescription supplements, vitamins, as well as herbal products. The list of possible drug interactions is not exhaustive. are listed here.
Which is safer, tartrate or metoprolol succinate?
The metoprolol succinate, as well as the tartrate, have the metoprolol, the same active drug. The only difference lies in the salt form. Similar side effects can be experienced. This includes:
- Heart rate is decreased
- Reduced blood pressure
- Suffering from a lack of breath
- Heart failure that is worsening or chest pain
- The risk of a cardiac , or worsening pain metoprolol is abruptly stopped
Does metoprolol cause weight gain?
Metoprolol does not appear to cause weight increase. But, weight gain could be a sign of warning that heart failure is becoming worse. If you’re taking metoprolol as a treatment for heart failure, inform your doctor as soon as possible whenever you begin to gain weight. The reason for this is due to the presence of extra fluids in the body, which can cause swelling of the ankles, feet and legs, as well as the stomach. The fluid increases due to the fact that the heart isn’t functioning in the way it should.
Does Metoprolol count as one of the blood thinners?
Metoprolol isn’t an effective blood thinner. It helps reduce blood vessel tension and slow heart rate.
Your doctor could prescribe metoprolol tartrate
- Lower blood pressure
- Treatment for angina pectoris (a condition in which the flow of blood to the heart gets reduced)
- Reduce the chance of dying caused by a heart attack.
Metoprolol succinate is a medication that can be prescribed for:
- Lower blood pressure
- Treat angina pectoris
- Treat heart failure
Does metoprolol lower blood pressure?
Metoprolol does not appear to cause weight increase. However, weight gain may be a sign of warning that heart failure is becoming worse. If you’re taking metoprolol as a treatment for heart failure, consult your doctor immediately whenever you begin to gain weight. This is due to the presence of extra fluids in the body, which can cause swelling of the ankles, feet as well as belly. The fluid increases due to the fact that the heart isn’t functioning in the way it should.
What is the time frame for metoprolol’s effect to be felt?
The time it takes for metoprolol’s effects to be felt depends on the form that is used and the condition being treated. The effects on heart rate can be observed within one hour following the administration of tablets of metoprolol tartrate and within 20 minutes after an intravenous formulation is administered. The beginning of the action of metoprolol succinate is the same as that of metoprolol tartrate.
Metoprolol tartrate releases immediately (fast-acting) metoprolol succinate is an extended release (released over time). Metoprolol tartrate is typically taken every day and metoprolol succinate daily. Metoprolol tartrate is also available as an injection which is given in the hospital and utilized to treat the beginning stages of a heart attack.
Metoprolol dosage may need to be adjusted based on the condition being treated.
- For those with high blood pressure, or for angina, the dose can be increased weekly until you get the best effect.
- In the case of heart failure, the dose of metoprolol succinate can be increased by 2 weeks every 2 weeks until you reach the maximum effectiveness.
- If heart attacks are discovered early, a metoprolol tartrate intravenous solution is generally prescribed. If treatment is initiated later metoprolol tartrate tablets will be generally given two times a day.
Do I need to take metoprolol in the morning or in the evening?
The dosage of metoprolol you are taking depends on the form of salt that is recommended.
- Metoprolol tartrate is typically taken twice a day, which means it can start in the morning, and later in the evening.
- Metoprolol succinate can be taken one time each day, therefore it can be taken in the morning or in the evening.
- Both are typically consumed in conjunction with or shortly after the meal.
Follow your doctor’s instructions for when you should take metoprolol.