Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy 

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a condition that causes the heart muscle to get unusually thick (hypertrophied). The thickened heart muscle may make it difficult for your heart muscle to circulate blood.

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is often not diagnosed since many patients with the disease show very few if any symptoms and lead normal lives without any difficulties. However, it is found in a small percentage of patients, the thick heart muscle may lead to breathlessness or chest pain. It can also cause issues with the electrical system, which can lead to life-threatening heart rhythm abnormalities (arrhythmias) and sudden deaths.




Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy can comprise any or all of these:

When is the best time to seek medical help?

Certain conditions may result in shortness of breath or heart palpitations. It’s crucial to get an immediate, accurate diagnosis and the appropriate treatment. Consult your physician if you have any family background of HCM, or any other symptoms that are associated with or any symptoms that are associated with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.

Contact 911 or your area emergency contact number in the case are suffering from any of the following symptoms that last more than a couple of minutes:


Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is typically caused by genetic abnormalities (gene mutations) which causes the muscle of your heart to become abnormally thick.

In the majority of patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, the muscle wall (septum) between the two chambers on the bottom of the heart (ventricles) gets larger than normal. This means that the wall that is thicker can block blood flow from the heart. This is known as obstructive Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.

If there’s not a significant obstruction or obstructing of circulation the situation is known as non-obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. But, the heart’s primary chamber for pumping (left ventricle) can become stiff. This causes the heart’s muscle to loosen and decreases the amount of blood it can be able to hold and deliver to the body each heartbeat.

People suffering from hypertrophic cardiomyopathy suffer from an irregular arrangement of the heart muscles (myofiber in disarray). The arrhythmias can occur in certain people.

Risk factors

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy usually passes via the families (inherited).

If you are a child of a person who suffers from hypertrophic cardiomyopathy you stand an opportunity of 50% of inheriting the genetic mutation responsible for the condition.

Children, parents, or siblings of someone suffering from hypertrophic cardiomyopathy should inquire with their physicians about the possibility of screening for the disease.


A lot of people suffering from hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) do not have major health issues. The complications of hypertrophic cardiovascular disease may be:


There’s no cure for hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. It is crucial to detect the condition as soon as you can to help guide the treatment process and prevent any complications.

If you’re a family member in the first degree -parents, siblings, or child with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), doctors might suggest genetic testing to test for this condition. But, not all people with HCM There is a mutation that can be detected. Additionally, certain insurance companies do not be able to cover the genetic test.

If genetic testing hasn’t been done or the results aren’t beneficial the doctor might suggest echocardiograms on a frequent basis, especially if you have relatives who suffer from hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Athletes and adolescents should be checked at least once a year. Adults who do not compete in athletics should be tested at least every 5 years.



Your physician will most likely request tests to diagnose hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy (HCM) or to rule out any conditions that may cause similar symptoms.





The aim of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy treatment is to alleviate symptoms and to prevent sudden cardiac death for those at risk. The treatment you receive is contingent upon the degree of the symptoms. Together you and your physician will discuss the best treatment for your situation.


The use of medicines can reduce the amount of muscle that the heart squeezes, and also slow down the heart rate so that the heart is able to move blood more effectively. The treatment for hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and its signs can include:

Surgery or other procedures

A variety of different procedures or surgeries are available to treat the condition of cardiomyopathy or the symptoms. They range from open-heart surgery to the placement of a device to regulate your heart’s rhythm.

Lifestyle and home solutions for home and lifestyle

Lifestyle modifications can lower the chance of complications related to hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Your doctor may recommend lifestyle changes, including:


Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy sufferers are typically able to have normal pregnancies. If you do have hypertrophic cardiomyopathy your doctor may suggest you see an expert in caring for women who have high-risk conditions in the course of pregnancy.

Support and Coping

The diagnosis of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy can bring about a variety of emotional turmoil. As with many patients suffering from this condition, you could feel grief anger, fear, and sadness. These reactions are normal to the changes in your lifestyle which are a result of the diagnosis.

To manage your situation:


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