STIOLTO RESPIMAT SIDE EFFECTS

  • Generic Name: tiotropium bromide and olodaterol
  • Brand Name: Stiolto Respimat
  • Drug Class: Respiratory Inhalant Combos, Respiratory Inhalant Combos
Last updated on MDtodate: 10/12/2022

SIDE EFFECTS

LABA, such as olodaterol, one of the active components in STIOLTO RESPIMAT, as monotherapy (without an inhaled corticosteroid) for asthma, increase the risk of asthma-related events. STIOLTO RESPIMAT is not indicated for the treatment of asthma.

The following adverse reactions are described, or described in greater detail, in other sections:

  • Immediate hypersensitivity reactions
  • Paradoxical bronchospasm
  • Worsening of narrow-angle glaucoma
  • Worsening of urinary retention

Clinical Trials Experience In Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, the incidence of adverse reactions observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to the incidences in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the incidences observed in practice.

The clinical program for STIOLTO RESPIMAT included 7151 subjects with COPD in two 52-week active-controlled trials, one 12-week placebo-controlled trial, three 6-week placebo-controlled cross-over trials, and four additional trials of shorter duration. A total of 1988 subjects received at least 1 dose of STIOLTO RESPIMAT. Adverse reactions observed in the ≤12-week trials were consistent with those observed in the 52-week trials, which formed the primary safety database.

The primary safety database consisted of pooled data from the two 52-week double-blind, active-controlled, parallel group confirmatory clinical trials (Trials 1 and 2). These trials included 5162 adult COPD patients (72.9% males and 27.1% females) 40 years of age and older. Of these patients, 1029 were treated with STIOLTO RESPIMAT once daily. The STIOLTO RESPIMAT group was composed of mostly Caucasians (71.1%) with a mean age of 63.8 years and a mean percent predicted FEV1 at baseline of 43.2%. In these two trials, tiotropium 5 mcg and olodaterol 5 mcg were included as active control arms and no placebo was used.

In these two clinical trials, 74% of patients exposed to STIOLTO RESPIMAT reported an adverse reaction compared to 76.6% and 73.3% in the olodaterol 5 mcg and tiotropium 5 mcg groups, respectively. The proportion of patients who discontinued due to an adverse reaction was 7.4% for STIOLTO RESPIMAT treated patients compared to 9.9% and 9.0% for olodaterol 5 mcg and tiotropium 5 mcg treated patients. The adverse reaction most commonly leading to discontinuation was worsening COPD.

The most common serious adverse reactions were COPD exacerbation and pneumonia.

Table 1 shows all adverse drug reactions that occurred with an incidence of >3% in the STIOLTO RESPIMAT treatment group and a higher incidence rate than the active comparator groups listed.

Table 1 : Number and frequency of adverse drug reactions greater than 3% (and higher than any of the comparators tiotropium and/or olodaterol) in COPD patients exposed to STIOLTO RESPIMAT: Pooled data from the two 52-week, double-blind, active-controlled clinical trials in COPD patients 40 years of age and older

Treatment STIOLTO RESPIMAT (once daily) Tiotropium (5 mcg once daily) Olodaterol (5 mcg once daily)
Body system (adverse drug reaction) n=1029
n (%)
n=1033
n (%)
n=1038
n (%)
Infections and infestations
Nasopharyngitis 128 (12.4) 121 (11.7) 131 (12.6)
Respiratory, thoracic, and mediastinal disorders
Cough 40 (3.9) 45 (4.4) 31 (3.0)
Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders
Back Pain 37 (3.6) 19 (1.8) 35 (3.4)

 

Other adverse drug reactions in patients receiving STIOLTO RESPIMAT that occurred in ≤3% of patients in clinical studies are listed below:

Metabolism and nutrition disorders: dehydration

Nervous system disorders: dizziness, insomnia

Eye disorders: glaucoma, intraocular pressure increased, vision blurred

Cardiac/vascular disorders: atrial fibrillation, palpitations, supraventricular tachycardia, tachycardia, hypertension

Respiratory, thoracic, and mediastinal disorders: epistaxis, pharyngitis, dysphonia, bronchospasm, laryngitis, sinusitis

Gastrointestinal disorders: dry mouth, constipation, oropharyngeal candidiasis, dysphagia, gastroesophageal reflux disease, gingivitis, glossitis, stomatitis, intestinal obstruction including ileus paralytic

Skin and subcutaneous disorders: rash, pruritus, angioneurotic edema, urticaria, skin infection, and skin ulcer, dry skin, hypersensitivity (including immediate reactions)

Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders: arthralgia, joint swelling Renal and urinary disorders: urinary retention, dysuria, and urinary tract infection

COPD Exacerbation Reduction Trial

In a one year trial (Trial 5) of 7880 patients to compare rates of COPD exacerbations, 3939 patients were treated with STIOLTO RESPIMAT and 3941 patients were treated with tiotropium 5 mcg inhalation spray. The safety profile of STIOLTO RESPIMAT was similar to that of tiotropium 5 mcg inhalation spray and consistent with that documented in the STIOLTO RESPIMAT primary safety database.