What is Reblozyl?
Reblozyl is a prescription medicine used to treat anemia (low red blood cells) in adults with beta thalassemia who need regular red blood cell (RBC) transfusions and myelodysplastic syndromes with ring sideroblasts (MDS-RS) or myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative neoplasms with ring sideroblasts and thrombocytosis (MDS/MPN-RS-T) who need regular RBC transfusion and have not responded well to or cannot receive an erythropoiesis stimulating agent (ESA).
Reblozyl is not for use as a substitute for RBC transfusions in people who need immediate treatment for anemia.
It is not known if Reblozyl is safe or effective in children.
Luspatercept-aamt is an erythroid maturation agent. Luspatercept-aamt is a receptor fusion protein consisting of a modified extracellular domain of the human activin receptor type IIB linked to a human IgG1 Fc domain with a calculated molecular mass of approximately 76 kD. Luspatercept is produced in Chinese hamster ovary cells by recombinant DNA technology.
REBLOZYL (luspatercept-aamt) for injection is a sterile, preservative-free, white to off-white, lyophilized powder in single-dose vials for subcutaneous use after reconstitution.
Each 25 mg single-dose vial provides nominal 25 mg of luspatercept-aamt and citric acid monohydrate (0.085 mg), polysorbate 80 (0.10 mg), sucrose (45.0 mg), and tri-sodium citrate dihydrate (1.35 mg) at pH 6.5. After reconstitution with 0.68 mL Sterile Water for Injection USP, the resulting concentration is 25 mg/0.5 mL of luspatercept-aamt and the nominal deliverable volume is 0.5 mL.
Each 75 mg single-dose vial provides nominal 75 mg of luspatercept-aamt and citric acid monohydrate (0.254 mg), polysorbate 80 (0.30 mg), sucrose (135 mg), and tri-sodium citrate dihydrate (4.06 mg) at pH 6.5. After reconstitution with 1.6 mL Sterile Water for Injection USP, the resulting concentration is 75 mg/1.5 mL (50 mg/mL) of luspatercept-aamt and the nominal deliverable volume is 1.5 mL.
Mechanism of Action
Luspatercept-aamt is a recombinant fusion protein that binds several endogenous TGF-β superfamily ligands, thereby diminishing Smad2/3 signaling. Luspatercept-aamt promoted erythroid maturation through differentiation of late-stage erythroid precursors (normoblasts) in mice. In models of β-thalassemia and MDS, luspatercept-aamt decreased abnormally elevated Smad2/3 signaling and improved hematology parameters associated with ineffective erythropoiesis in mice.
What should I tell my healthcare provider before using Reblozyl?
Before receiving Reblozyl, tell your healthcare provider about all of your medical conditions, including if you:
- have or have had blood clots
- have or have had high blood pressure (hypertension)
- take hormone replacement therapy or birth control pills (oral contraceptives)
- have had your spleen removed (splenectomy)
- are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. Reblozyl may harm your unborn baby. Tell your healthcare provider right away if you become pregnant or think you may be pregnant during treatment with Reblozyl.
Females who are able to become pregnant:
- Your healthcare provider should do a pregnancy test before you start treatment with Reblozyl.
- You should use effective birth control (contraception) during treatment with Reblozyl and for at least 3 months after the last dose.
- are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed. It is not known if Reblozyl passes into your breast milk.
- Do not breastfeed during treatment with Reblozyl and for 3 months after the last dose. Talk to your healthcare provider about the best way to feed your baby during this time.
Tell your healthcare provider about all the medicines you take, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements
How should I use Reblozyl?
- Your healthcare provider will prescribe Reblozyl in a dose that is right for you.
- Reblozyl is given as an injection under your skin (subcutaneous) in the upper arm, thigh or stomach (abdomen) by your healthcare provider.
- Your healthcare provider will do regular blood tests to check your hemoglobin to monitor if your anemia is getting better before each injection and during your treatment with Reblozyl.
- Your healthcare provider may adjust your dose or stop treatment depending on how you respond to Reblozyl.
- If your scheduled Reblozyl dose is delayed or missed, your healthcare provider will give your dose of Reblozyl as soon as possible and continue your treatment as prescribed with at least 3 weeks between doses.
What are the possible side effects of Reblozyl?
Reblozyl may cause serious side effects, including:
- Blood clots. Blood clots in the arteries, veins, brain, and lungs have happened in people with beta thalassemia during treatment with Reblozyl. The risk of blood clots may be higher in people who have had their spleen removed or who take hormone replacement therapy or birth control (oral contraceptives). Call your healthcare provider or get medical help right away if you have any of these symptoms:
- chest pain
- trouble breathing or shortness of breath
- pain in your leg, with or without swelling
- a cold or pale arm or leg
- sudden numbness or weakness that are both short-term or continue to happen over a long period of time, especially on one side of the body
- severe headache or confusion
- sudden problems with vision, speech, or balance (such as trouble speaking, difficulty walking, or dizziness)
- High blood pressure. Reblozyl may cause an increase in your blood pressure. Your healthcare provider will check your blood pressure before you receive your Reblozyl dose. Your healthcare provider may prescribe you medicine to treat high blood pressure or increase the dose of medicine you already take to treat high blood pressure, if you develop high blood pressure during treatment with Reblozyl.
The most common side effects of Reblozyl include:
- muscle or bone pain
- stomach (abdominal) pain
- allergic reactions
- joint pain (arthralgia)
- trouble breathing
Reblozyl may cause fertility problems in females. This could affect your ability to become pregnant. Talk to your healthcare provider if this is a concern for you.
These are not all of the possible side effects of Reblozyl.
Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
General information about the safe and effective use of Reblozyl
Medicines are sometimes prescribed for purposes other than those listed in a Patient Information leaflet. You can ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist for information about REBLOZYL that is written for healthcare professionals.
What are the ingredients in Reblozyl?
Active ingredient: luspatercept-aamt
Inactive ingredients: citric acid monohydrate, polysorbate 80, sucrose, and tri-sodium citrate dihydrate.
PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL – 75 MG VIAL CARTON – SINGAPORE
- NDC 59572-775-01
- 75 mg/vial
- For Subcutaneous Use Only
Reconstitute with Sterile Water
for Injection USP, prior to
- One Single-Dose Vial
Discard Unused Portion
SRC: NLM .