Pluvicto

Brand name: Pluvicto
Generic name: lutetium lu 177 vipivotide tetraxetan
Dosage form: Injection

Medically reviewed by A Ras. Update March 31, 2022

DESCRIPTION

Pluvicto (lutetium Lu 177 vipivotide tetraxetan) is a radioligand therapeutic agent. Lutetium Lu 177 vipivotide tetraxetan is a PSMA-binding ligand bound to a DOTA chelator radiolabeled with lutetium-177.

The chemical name is 2-[4-[2-[[4-[[(2S)-1-[[(5S)-5-carboxy-5-[[(1S)-1,3-dicarboxy propyl]carbamoylamino]pentyl]amino]-3-naphthalen-2-yl-1-oxopropan-2-yl]carbamoyl]cyclohexyl]methylamino]-2-oxoethyl]-4,7,10-tris(carboxylatomethyl)-1,4,7,10-tetrazacyclododec-1-yl]acetate; lutetium-177(3+). The molecular mass is 1216.06 g/mol and the molecular formula is C49H68177LuN9O16. The chemical structure for lutetium Lu 177 vipivotide tetraxetan is shown below:

Pluvicto

Pluvicto (lutetium Lu 177 vipivotide tetraxetan) 1,000 MBq/mL (27 mCi/mL) Injection is supplied as a sterile, clear, colorless to slightly yellow solution for intravenous use. Each single-dose vial contains acetic acid (0.30 mg/mL), sodium acetate (0.41 mg/mL), gentisic acid (0.39 mg/mL), sodium ascorbate (50.0 mg/mL), pentetic acid (0.10 mg/mL), and water for injection (q.s. to 1 mL). The pH range of the solution is 4.5 to 7.0.

INDICATIONS AND USAGE

Pluvicto is indicated for the treatment of adult patients with prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA)-positive metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) who have been treated with androgen receptor (AR) pathway inhibition and taxane-based chemotherapy.

DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

Important Safety Instructions

Pluvicto is a radiopharmaceutical; that handles appropriate safety measures to minimize radiation exposure. Use waterproof gloves and effective radiation shielding when handling Pluvicto.

Radiopharmaceuticals, including Pluvicto, should be used by or under the control of healthcare providers who are qualified by specific training and experience in the safe use and handling of radiopharmaceuticals, and whose experience and training have been approved by the appropriate governmental agency authorized to license the use of radiopharmaceuticals.

Patient Selection

Select patients with previously treated mCRPC for treatment with Pluvicto using LOCAMETZ or another approved PSMA-11 imaging agent based on PSMA expression in tumors. Additional selection criteria were used in the VISION study.

Refer to the prescribing information for the PSMA imaging agent.

Recommended Dosage

The recommended Pluvicto dosage is 7.4 GBq (200 mCi) intravenously every 6 weeks for up to 6 doses, or until disease progression, or unacceptable toxicity.

Dosage Modifications for Adverse Reactions

Recommended dosage modifications of Pluvicto for adverse reactions are provided in Table 1. Management of adverse reactions may require temporary dose interruption (extending the dosing interval from every 6 weeks up to every 10 weeks), dose reduction, or permanent discontinuation of treatment with Pluvicto. If a treatment delay due to an adverse reaction persists for > 4 weeks, treatment with Pluvicto must be discontinued. The dose of Pluvicto may be reduced by 20% to 5.9 GBq (160 mCi) once; do not re-escalate the dose. If a patient has further adverse reactions that would require an additional dose reduction, treatment with Pluvicto must be discontinued.

Table 1: Recommended Dosage Modifications of Pluvicto for Adverse Reactions
Abbreviations: CLcr, creatinine clearance; AST, aspartate aminotransferase; ALT, alanine aminotransferase; ULN, upper limit of normal.
Grading according to most current Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE).
Adverse Reaction Severity Dosage Modification
Myelosuppression
(Anemia, thrombocytopenia, leukopenia, or neutropenia)
[see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)]
Grade 2 Withhold Pluvicto until improvement to Grade 1 or baseline.
Grade ≥ 3 Withhold Pluvicto until improvement to Grade 1 or baseline.
Reduce Pluvicto dose by 20% to 5.9 GBq (160 mCi).
Recurrent Grade ≥ 3 myelosuppression after one dose reduction Permanently discontinue Pluvicto.
Renal toxicity
[see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)]
Defined as:

  • Confirmed serum creatinine increase (Grade ≥ 2)
  • Confirmed CLcr < 30 mL/min; calculate using Cockcroft-Gault with actual body weight
Withhold Pluvicto until improvement.
Defined as:

  • Confirmed ≥ 40% increase from baseline serum creatinine
    and
  • Confirmed > 40% decrease from baseline CLcr; calculate using Cockcroft-Gault with actual body weight
Withhold Pluvicto until improvement or return to baseline.
Reduce Pluvicto dose by 20% to 5.9 GBq (160 mCi).
Grade ≥ 3 renal toxicity Permanently discontinue Pluvicto.
Recurrent renal toxicity after one dose reduction Permanently discontinue Pluvicto.
Dry mouth [see Adverse Reactions (6.1)] Grade 2 Withhold Pluvicto until improvement or return to baseline.
Consider reducing Pluvicto dose by 20% to 5.9 GBq (160 mCi).
Grade 3 Withhold Pluvicto until improvement or return to baseline.
Reduce Pluvicto dose by 20% to 5.9 GBq (160 mCi).
Recurrent Grade 3 dry mouth after one dose reduction Permanently discontinue Pluvicto.
Gastrointestinal toxicity [see Adverse Reactions (6.1)] Grade ≥ 3 (not amenable to medical intervention) Withhold Pluvicto until improvement to Grade 2 or baseline.
Reduce Pluvicto dose by 20% to 5.9 GBq (160 mCi).
Recurrent Grade ≥ 3 gastrointestinal toxicity after one dose reduction Permanently discontinue Pluvicto.
Fatigue [see Adverse Reactions (6.1)] Grade ≥ 3 Withhold Pluvicto until improvement to Grade 2 or baseline.
Electrolyte or metabolic abnormalities [see Adverse Reactions (6.1)] Grade ≥ 2 Withhold Pluvicto until improvement to Grade 1 or baseline.
AST or ALT elevation [see Adverse Reactions (6.1)] AST or ALT > 5 times ULN in the absence of liver metastases Permanently discontinue Pluvicto.
Other non-hematologic toxicity [see Adverse Reactions (6.1)] Any unacceptable toxicity Permanently discontinue Pluvicto.
Any serious adverse reaction that requires treatment delay of > 4 weeks Permanently discontinue Pluvicto.
Any recurrent Grade 3 or 4 or persistent and intolerable Grade 2 adverse reaction after one dose reduction Permanently discontinue Pluvicto.

Preparation and Administration

Preparation Instructions

Administration Instructions

The recommended dosage of Pluvicto may be administered intravenously as an injection using a disposable syringe fitted with a syringe shield (with or without a syringe pump), as an infusion using the gravity method (with or without an infusion pump), or as an infusion using the vial (with a peristaltic infusion pump).

A reduced dose of Pluvicto should be administered using the syringe method (with or without a syringe pump) or the vial method (with a peristaltic infusion pump). Using the gravity method to administer a reduced dose of Pluvicto is not recommended since it may result in delivery of the incorrect volume of Pluvicto, if the dose is not adjusted prior to administration.

Prior to administration, flush the intravenous catheter used exclusively for Pluvicto administration with ≥ 10 mL of 0.9% sterile sodium chloride solution to ensure patency and to minimize the risk of extravasation. Manage cases of extravasation as per institutional guidelines.

Instructions for the Syringe Method (With or Without a Syringe Pump)

Instructions for the Gravity Method (With or Without an Infusion Pump)

Instructions for the Vial Method (With a Peristaltic Infusion Pump)

Radiation Dosimetry

Dosimetry of lutetium Lu 177 vipivotide tetraxetan was collected in 29 patients in the VISION sub-study, in order to calculate whole body and organ radiation dosimetry. The mean and standard deviation (SD) of the estimated radiation absorbed doses to different organs for adult patients receiving Pluvicto are shown in Table 2. The organs with the highest radiation absorbed doses are lacrimal glands, salivary glands, large intestine (left and right colon), kidneys, and urinary bladder wall. The maximum penetration of lutetium-177 in tissue is approximately 2 mm and the mean penetration is 0.67 mm.

Table 2: Estimated Radiation Absorbed Dose for Pluvicto in VISION
*Estimated radiation absorbed dose for bone marrow is not included
Absorbed dose per unit activity
(Gy/GBq)
N = 29
Calculated absorbed dose
for 7.4 GBq
administration
(Gy)
Calculated absorbed dose for
6 x 7.4 GBq
(44.4 GBq cumulative activity)
(Gy)
Organ* Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD
Adrenals 0.033 0.025 0.24 0.19 1.5 1.1
Brain 0.007 0.005 0.049 0.035 0.30 0.22
Esophagus 0.025 0.026 0.18 0.19 1.1 1.1
Eyes 0.022 0.024 0.16 0.18 0.99 1.1
Gallbladder wall 0.028 0.026 0.20 0.19 1.2 1.1
Heart wall 0.17 0.12 1.2 0.83 7.8 5.2
Kidneys 0.43 0.16 3.1 1.2 19 7.3
Lacrimal glands 2.1 0.47 15 3.4 92 21
Left colon 0.58 0.14 4.1 1.0 26 6.0
Liver 0.090 0.044 0.64 0.32 4.0 2.0
Lungs 0.11 0.11 0.76 0.81 4.7 4.9
Pancreas 0.027 0.026 0.19 0.19 1.2 1.1
Prostate 0.027 0.026 0.19 0.19 1.2 1.1
Rectum 0.56 0.14 4.0 1.1 25 6.2
Right colon 0.32 0.078 2.3 0.58 14 3.4
Salivary glands 0.63 0.36 4.5 2.6 28 16
Small intestine 0.071 0.031 0.50 0.23 3.1 1.4
Spleen 0.067 0.027 0.48 0.20 3.0 1.2
Stomach wall 0.025 0.026 0.18 0.19 1.1 1.1
Testes 0.023 0.025 0.16 0.18 1.0 1.1
Thymus 0.025 0.026 0.18 0.19 1.1 1.1
Thyroid 0.26 0.37 1.8 2.7 11 16
Total body 0.037 0.027 0.27 0.20 1.6 1.2
Urinary bladder wall 0.32 0.025 2.3 0.19 14 1.1

DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS

Injection: 1,000 MBq/mL (27 mCi/mL) of lutetium Lu 177 vipivotide tetraxetan as a clear and colorless to slightly yellow solution in a single-dose vial.

CONTRAINDICATIONS

None.

WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

Risk From Radiation Exposure

Pluvicto contributes to a patient’s overall long-term cumulative radiation exposure. Long-term cumulative radiation exposure is associated with an increased risk for cancer.

Minimize radiation exposure to patients, medical personnel, and household contacts during and after treatment with Pluvicto consistent with institutional good radiation safety practices, patient treatment procedures, Nuclear Regulatory Commission patient-release guidance, and instructions to the patient for follow-up radiation protection at home.

Ensure patients increase oral fluid intake and advise patients to void as often as possible to reduce bladder radiation.

Before the patient is released, the healthcare provider should explain the necessary radioprotection precautions that the patient should follow to minimize radiation exposure to others [see Patient Counseling Information (17)]. Following administration of Pluvicto, advise patients to limit close contact (less than 3 feet) with household contacts for 2 days or with children and pregnant women for 7 days. Following administration of Pluvicto, advise patients to refrain from sexual activity for 7 days. Following administration of Pluvicto, advise patients to sleep in a separate bedroom from household contacts for 3 days, from children for 7 days, or from pregnant women for 15 days.

Myelosuppression

Pluvicto can cause severe and life-threatening myelosuppression, including anemia, thrombocytopenia, leukopenia, and neutropenia. In the VISION study, Grade 3 or 4 decreased hemoglobin (15%), decreased platelets (9%), decreased leukocytes (7%), and decreased neutrophils (4.5%) occurred in patients treated with Pluvicto. Grade ≥ 3 pancytopenia occurred in 1.1% (which includes two fatal events) in patients treated with Pluvicto. Two deaths (0.4%) due to intracranial hemorrhage and subdural hematoma in association with thrombocytopenia were observed in patients who received Pluvicto. One death due to sepsis and concurrent neutropenia was observed in patients who received Pluvicto.

Perform complete blood counts before and during treatment with Pluvicto. Withhold, reduce dose, or permanently discontinue Pluvicto and clinically treat patients based on the severity of myelosuppression

Renal Toxicity

Pluvicto can cause severe renal toxicity. In the VISION study, Grade 3 or 4 acute kidney injury (3%) and increased creatinine (0.9%) occurred in patients treated with Pluvicto.

Advise patients to remain well hydrated and to urinate frequently before and after administration of Pluvicto. Perform kidney function laboratory tests, including serum creatinine and calculated CLcr, before and during treatment with Pluvicto. Withhold, reduce dose, or permanently discontinue Pluvicto based on the severity of renal toxicity

Embryo-Fetal Toxicity

The safety and efficacy of Pluvicto have not been established in females. Based on its mechanism of action, Pluvicto can cause fetal harm. No animal studies using lutetium Lu 177 vipivotide tetraxetan have been conducted to evaluate its effect on female reproduction and embryo-fetal development; however, all radiopharmaceuticals, including Pluvicto, have the potential to cause fetal harm. Advise male patients with female partners of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during treatment with Pluvicto and for 14 weeks after the last dose.

Infertility

Pluvicto may cause infertility in males. The recommended cumulative dose of 44.4 GBq of Pluvicto results in a radiation absorbed dose to the testes within the range where Pluvicto may cause temporary or permanent infertility.

Pluvicto Side effects

The following clinically significant adverse reactions are described elsewhere in the labeling:

Clinical Trials Experience

Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice.

The safety of Pluvicto was evaluated in the VISION study in patients with progressive, PSMA-positive mCRPC. Of the 831 patients randomized, 734 patients received at least one dose of randomized treatment. Patients received at least one dose of either Pluvicto 7.4 GBq (200 mCi) administered every 6 to 10 weeks plus BSoC (N = 529) or BSoC alone (N = 205). The median duration of exposure to randomized treatment was 7.8 months (range, 0.3 to 24.9) for patients who received Pluvicto plus BSoC. Among patients who received Pluvicto plus BSoC, the median number of doses of Pluvicto received was 5 (range, 1 to 6). The median cumulative dose of Pluvicto was 37.5 GBq (range, 7.0 to 48.3). The median duration of follow-up was 14.8 months for patients receiving Pluvicto plus BSoC.

Serious adverse reactions occurred in 36% of patients who received Pluvicto plus BSoC. Serious adverse reactions in > 1% of patients who received Pluvicto plus BSoC included hemorrhage (4%), musculoskeletal pain (3.8%), sepsis (3.2%), anemia (2.8%), urinary tract infection (2.6%), acute kidney injury (1.7%), pneumonia (1.7%), pancytopenia (1.3%), pyrexia (1.3%), spinal cord compression (1.1%), and pulmonary embolism (1.1%).

Fatal adverse reactions occurred in 2.8% of patients who received Pluvicto plus BSoC, including sepsis (0.9%), pancytopenia (0.6%), hepatic failure (0.4%), intracranial hemorrhage (0.2%), subdural hematoma (0.2%), ischemic stroke (0.2%), COVID-19 (0.2%), and aspiration pneumonia (0.2%).

Pluvicto was permanently discontinued due to adverse reactions in 12% of patients. Adverse reactions leading to permanent discontinuation of Pluvicto in ≥ 1% of patients who received Pluvicto plus BSoC were anemia (2.8%), thrombocytopenia (2.8%), and leukopenia (including neutropenia) (1.7%).

Adverse reactions leading to a dose interruption of Pluvicto occurred in 16% of patients. The most frequent (≥ 3%) adverse reactions leading to a dose interruption of Pluvicto in patients who received Pluvicto plus BSoC were anemia (5%) and thrombocytopenia (3.6%).

Adverse reactions leading to a dose reduction of Pluvicto occurred in 6% of patients. The most frequent (≥ 1%) adverse reactions leading to a dose reduction of Pluvicto in patients who received Pluvicto plus BSoC were thrombocytopenia (1.9%) and anemia (1.3%).

The most common adverse reactions (≥ 20%) occurring at a higher incidence in patients who received Pluvicto plus BSoC were fatigue, dry mouth, nausea, anemia, decreased appetite, and constipation.

The most common laboratory abnormalities that worsened from baseline in ≥ 30% of patients who received Pluvicto plus BSoC were decreased lymphocytes, decreased hemoglobin, decreased leukocytes, decreased platelets, decreased calcium, and decreased sodium.

Table 3 and Table 4 summarize the incidence of adverse reactions and laboratory abnormalities, respectively.

Table 3: Adverse Reactions (≥ 5%) in Patients with PSMA-positive mCRPC Who Received Pluvicto Plus BSoC in VISION
Abbreviation: BSoC, the best standard of care.
peripheral edema includes peripheral edema, fluid retention, and fluid overload.
the dry mouth includes dry mouth, aptyalism, and dry throat.
vomiting includes vomiting and retching.
dAbdominal pain includes abdominal pain, abdominal pain upper, abdominal discomfort, abdominal pain lower, abdominal tenderness, and gastrointestinal pain.
urinary tract infection includes urinary tract infection, cystitis, and cystitis bacterial.
acute kidney injury includes blood creatinine increased, acute kidney injury, renal failure, and blood urea increased.
gDysgeusia includes dysgeusia and taste disorder.
Adverse Reactions Pluvicto Plus BSoC
(N = 529)
BSoC
(N = 205)
All Grades (%) Grades 3 to 4 (%) All Grades (%) Grades 3 to 4 (%)
General disorders
Fatigue 43 6 23 1.5
Decreased appetite 21 1.9 15 0.5
Weight decreased 11 0.4 9 0
Peripheral edema 10 0.4 7 0.5
Pyrexia 7 0.4 3.4 0
Gastrointestinal disorders
Dry mouth 39 0 0.5 0
Nausea 35 1.3 17 0.5
Constipation 20 1.1 11 0.5
Vomiting 19 0.9 6 0.5
Diarrhea 19 0.8 2.9 0.5
Abdominal pain 11 1.1 6 0.5
Blood and lymphatic system disorders
Anemia 32 13 13 4.9
Thrombocytopenia 17 8 4.4 1
Renal and urinary disorders
Urinary tract infection 12 3.8 1 0.5
Acute kidney injury 9 3.2 6 2.9
Nervous system disorder
Dizziness 8 0.9 4.4 0
Headache 7 0.8 2 0
Dysgeusia 7 0 1.5 0

Clinically relevant adverse reactions in < 5% of patients who received Pluvicto plus BSoC included dry eye, vertigo, and pancytopenia (including bicytopenia).

Table 4: Select Laboratory Abnormalities (≥ 10%) That Worsened from Baseline in Patients With PSMA-positive mCRPC Who Received Pluvicto Plus BSoC (Between Arm Difference of ≥ 5% All Grades) in VISION
Abbreviation: BSoC, best standard of care.
aThe denominator used to calculate the rate for each laboratory parameter varied from 506 to 529 based on the number of patients with a baseline value and at least one post-treatment value.
bThe denominator used to calculate the rate for each laboratory parameter varied from 194 to 198 based on the number of patients with a baseline value and at least one post-treatment value.
cNo Grade 4 laboratory abnormalities worsening from baseline were reported.
Laboratory Abnormalities Pluvicto Plus BSoCa BSoCb
All Grades
(%)
Grades 3 to 4
(%)
All Grades
(%)
Grades 3 to 4
(%)
Chemistry
Decreased calcium 39 2.5 28 3
Decreased sodium 33 0.6c 23 1
Increased aspartate aminotransferase 28 1.1 18 1c
Increased creatinine 24 0.9c 14 0.5c
Increased potassium 24 0.6 18 0.5c
Increased sodium 11 0c 5 0c
Hematology
Decreased lymphocytes 85 47 51 18
Decreased hemoglobin 63 15c 34 7c
Decreased leukocytes 56 7 22 2
Decreased platelets 45 9 20 2.5
Decreased neutrophils 28 4.5 9 0.5

USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS

Pregnancy

Risk Summary

The safety and efficacy of Pluvicto have not been established in females. Based on its mechanism of action, Pluvicto can cause fetal harm. There are no available data on Pluvicto use in pregnant females. No animal studies using lutetium Lu 177 vipivotide tetraxetan have been conducted to evaluate its effect on female reproduction and embryo-fetal development; however, all radiopharmaceuticals, including Pluvicto, have the potential to cause fetal harm.

Lactation

Risk Summary

The safety and efficacy of Pluvicto have not been established in females. There are no data on the presence of lutetium Lu 177 vipivotide tetraxetan in human milk or its effects on the breastfed child or on milk production.

Females and Males of Reproductive Potential

Contraception

Males

Based on its mechanism of action, advise male patients with female partners of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during treatment with Pluvicto and for 14 weeks after the last dose.

Infertility

The recommended cumulative dose of 44.4 GBq of Pluvicto results in a radiation absorbed dose to the testes within the range where Pluvicto may cause temporary or permanent infertility.

Pediatric Use

The safety and effectiveness of Pluvicto in pediatric patients have not been established.

Geriatric Use

Of the 529 patients who received at least one dose of Pluvicto plus BSoC in the VISION study, 387 patients (73%) were 65 years or older and 143 patients (27%) were 75 years or older. No overall differences in effectiveness were observed between patients ≥ 75 years of age and younger patients. Serious adverse reactions occurred in 11% of patients ≥ 75 years of age and in 11% of younger patients. Grade ≥ 3 adverse reactions occurred in 40% of patients ≥ 75 years of age and in 31% of younger patients.

Renal Impairment

Exposure of lutetium Lu 177 vipivotide tetraxetan is expected to increase with the degree of renal impairment [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]. No dose adjustment is recommended for patients with mild (baseline CLcr 60 to 89 mL/min by Cockcroft-Gault) to moderate (CLcr 30 to 59 mL/min) renal impairment; however, patients with mild or moderate renal impairment may be at greater risk of toxicity. Frequently monitor renal function and adverse reactions in patients with mild to moderate renal impairment [see Dosage and Administration (2.4)]. The pharmacokinetics and safety of Pluvicto have not been studied in patients with severe (CLcr 15 to 29 mL/min) renal impairment or end-stage renal disease.

OVERDOSAGE

In the event of administration of a radiation overdosage with Pluvicto, reduce the radiation absorbed dose to the patient by increasing the elimination of the radionuclide from the body by frequent micturition or by forced diuresis and frequent bladder voiding. Estimate the effective radiation dose that was applied and treat with additional supportive care measures as clinically indicated.

CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

Mechanism of Action

Lutetium Lu 177 vipivotide tetraxetan is a radioligand therapeutic agent. The active moiety of lutetium Lu 177 vipivotide tetraxetan is the radionuclide lutetium-177 which is linked to a moiety that binds to PSMA, a transmembrane protein that is expressed in prostate cancer, including mCRPC. Upon binding of lutetium Lu 177 vipivotide tetraxetan to PSMA-expressing cells, the beta-minus emission from lutetium-177 delivers radiation to PSMA-expressing cells, as well as to surrounding cells, and induces DNA damage which can lead to cell death.

Pharmacodynamics

Lutetium Lu 177 vipivotide tetraxetan exposure-efficacy relationships and the time course of pharmacodynamic response have not been fully characterized.

Cardiac Electrophysiology

At the recommended dosage, Pluvicto does not cause large mean increases (> 20 ms) in the QTc interval.

Pharmacokinetics

Pharmacokinetics of lutetium Lu 177 vipivotide tetraxetan are expressed as geometric mean (geometric mean coefficient of variation) unless otherwise specified.

The blood lutetium Lu 177 vipivotide tetraxetan area under the curve (AUC) is 52.3 ng.h/mL (31.4%) and the maximum blood concentration is 6.58 ng/mL (43.5%) at the recommended dosage.

Distribution

Lutetium Lu 177 vipivotide tetraxetan volume of distribution is 123 L (78.1%).

Within 2.5 hours of administration, lutetium Lu 177 vipivotide tetraxetan distributes to gastrointestinal tract, liver, lungs, kidneys, heart wall, bone marrow, and salivary glands.

Vipivotide tetraxetan and non-radioactive lutetium vipivotide tetraxetan are 60% to 70% bound to human plasma proteins.

Elimination

The lutetium Lu 177 vipivotide tetraxetan terminal elimination half-life is 41.6 hours (68.8%) and the clearance (CL) is 2.04 L/h (31.5%).

Excretion

Lutetium Lu 177 vipivotide tetraxetan is primarily eliminated renally.

Specific Populations

Exposure (AUC) of lutetium Lu 177 vipivotide tetraxetan increased with decreasing creatinine clearance (CLcr). The effect of baseline CLcr < 54 mL/min on lutetium Lu 177 vipivotide tetraxetan pharmacokinetics has not been studied.

Drug Interaction Studies

In Vitro Studies

CYP450 enzymes: Vipivotide tetraxetan is not a substrate of cytochrome P450 (CYP450) enzymes. Vipivotide tetraxetan did not induce CYP1A2, 2B6 or 3A4; and did not inhibit CYP1A2, 2B6, 2C8, 2C9, 2C19, 2D6 or 3A in vitro.

Transporters: Vipivotide tetraxetan is not a substrate of BCRP, P-gp, MATE1, MATE2-K, OAT1, OAT3 or OCT2. Vipivotide tetraxetan did not inhibit BCRP, P-gp, MATE1, MATE2-K, OAT1, OAT3, OATP1B1, OATP1B3, OCT1 or OCT2 in vitro.

Physical Characteristics

Lutetium-177 decays to a stable hafnium-177 with a physical half-life of 6.647 days by emitting beta-minus radiation with a maximum energy of 0.498 MeV (79%) and photonic radiation (γ) of 0.208 MeV (11%) and 0.113 MeV (6.4%).

The main radiations of lutetium-177 are detailed in Table 5.

Table 5: Lutetium-177 Main Radiations
Radiation Energy (keV) % Iγ%
β 176.5 12.2
β 248.1 0.05
β 384.9 9.1
β 497.8 78.6
γ 71.6 0.15
γ 112.9 6.40
γ 136.7 0.05
γ 208.4 11.0
γ 249.7 0.21
γ 321.3 0.22

External Radiation

Table 6 summarizes the radioactive decay properties of lutetium-177.

Table 6: Physical Decay Chart: Lutetium-177 Physical Half-life = 6.647 days
Hours Fraction Remaining
0 1.000
1 0.996
2 0.991
5 0.979
10 0.958
24 (1 day) 0.901
48 (2 days) 0.812
72 (3 days) 0.731
120 (5 days) 0.594
168 (7 days) 0.482
336 (14 days) 0.232
720 (30 days) 0.044
1080 (45 days) 0.009

NONCLINICAL TOXICOLOGY

Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility

Mutagenicity and carcinogenicity studies have not been conducted with lutetium Lu 177 vipivotide tetraxetan; however, radiation is a carcinogen and mutagen.

No animal studies were conducted to determine the effects of lutetium Lu 177 vipivotide tetraxetan on fertility.

CLINICAL STUDIES

The efficacy of Pluvicto was evaluated in VISION (NCT03511664), a randomized (2:1), multicenter, open-label trial that evaluated Pluvicto plus BSoC (N = 551) or BSoC alone (N = 280) in men with progressive, PSMA-positive mCRPC. Randomization was stratified by baseline lactase dehydrogenase (LDH), presence of liver metastases, ECOG PS score and inclusion of an AR pathway inhibitor as part of BSoC at the time of randomization. All patients received a GnRH analog or had prior bilateral orchiectomy. Patients were required to have received at least one AR pathway inhibitor, and 1 or 2 prior taxane-based chemotherapy regimens. Eligible patients were required to have PSMA-positive mCRPC defined as having at least one tumor lesion with gallium Ga 68 gozetotide uptake greater than normal liver. Patients were excluded if any lesions exceeding size criteria in short axis [organs ≥ 1 cm, lymph nodes ≥ 2.5 cm, bones (soft tissue component) ≥ 1 cm] had uptake less than or equal to uptake in normal liver.

Patients received Pluvicto 7.4 GBq (200 mCi) every 6 weeks for up to a total of 6 doses plus BSoC or BSoC alone. BSoC administered at the investigator’s discretion included ketoconazole; radiation therapy to localized prostate cancer targets; bone-targeted agents; androgen-reducing agents; AR pathway inhibitors. Patients continued treatment for up to 4-6 doses, or until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients with stable disease or partial response after 4 doses of Pluvicto plus BSoC received up to 2 additional doses per investigator’s discretion.

The following patient demographics and baseline disease characteristics were balanced between the arms. The median age was 71 years (range, 40 to 94 years); 87% White; 7% Black or African American; 2.4% Asian; 92% had ECOG PS0-1; 8% had ECOG PS2. All patients had received at least one prior taxane-based chemotherapy regimen and 41% of patients received two. One prior AR pathway inhibitor had been administered to 51% of patients, 41% of patients received 2, and 8% of patients received 3 or more. During the treatment period, 53% of patients in the Pluvicto plus BSoC arm and 68% of patients in the BSoC alone arm received at least one AR pathway inhibitor.

The major efficacy outcome measures were overall survival (OS) and radiographic progression-free survival (rPFS) by blinded independent central review (BICR) per Prostate Cancer Working Group 3 (PCWG3) criteria. An additional efficacy outcome measure included was overall response rate (ORR) by BICR per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) v1.1.

VISION demonstrated a statistically significant improvement in both major efficacy outcome measures of OS and rPFS by BICR with Pluvicto plus BSoC compared to treatment with BSoC alone. Interpretation of the magnitude of the rPFS effect was limited due to a high degree of censoring from early drop out in the control arm.

Efficacy results for VISION are presented in Table 7 and Figure 1.

Table 7: Efficacy Results in VISION
aBased on Kaplan-Meier estimate.
bHazard ratio based on the stratified Cox PH model.
cStratified log-rank test two-sided p-value.
dStratified Wald’s Chi-square test two-sided p-value.
Pluvicto Plus BSoC BSoC
Overall Survival (OS) N = 551 N = 280
Deaths, n (%) 343 (62%) 187 (67%)
Median, months (95% CI)a 15.3 (14.2, 16.9) 11.3 (9.8, 13.5)
Hazard ratio (95% CI)b 0.62 (0.52, 0.74)
P-valuec < 0.001
Overall Response Rate (ORR)
Patients with evaluable disease at baseline N = 319 N = 120
ORR (CR + PR), n (%)
(95% CI)
95 (30%)
(25%, 35%)
2 (2%)
(0%, 6%)
Complete response (CR), n (%) 18 (6%) 0 (0%)
Partial response (PR), n (%) 77 (24%) 2 (2%)
P-valued < 0.001

Figure 1. Kaplan-Meier Plot of Overall Survival in VISION

Pluvicto

HOW SUPPLIED/STORAGE AND HANDLING

Pluvicto Injection containing 1,000 MBq/mL (27 mCi/mL) of lutetium Lu 177 vipivotide tetraxetan is a sterile, preservative-free and clear, colorless to slightly yellow solution for intravenous use supplied in a colorless type I glass 30 mL single-dose vial containing 7.4 GBq (200 mCi) ± 10% of lutetium Lu 177 vipivotide tetraxetan at the date and time of administration (NDC# 69488-010-61). The solution volume in the vial can range from 7.5 mL to 12.5 mL in order to provide a total of 7.4 GBq (200 mCi) of radioactivity at the date and time of administration.

The product vial is in a lead shielded container (NDC# 69488-010-61) placed in a plastic sealed container. The product is shipped in a type A package (NDC# 69488-010-61).

The shelf life is 120 hours (5 days) from the date and time of calibration.

Store below 30°C (86°F). Do not freeze. Store in the original package to protect from ionizing radiation (lead shielding).

Store Pluvicto in accordance with local and federal laws on radioactive materials.

Do not use Pluvicto after the expiration date and time which are stated on the label.

Dispose of any unused medicinal product or waste material in accordance with local and federal laws.

Lutetium-177 may be prepared using two different sources of stable isotopes (either lutetium-176 or ytterbium-176) that require different waste management. Lutetium-177 is prepared using ytterbium-176 (“non-carrier added”) unless otherwise communicated on the product batch release certificate.

PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION

Risk From Radiation Exposure

Ensure patients increase oral fluid intake and advise patients to void as often as possible to reduce bladder radiation [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)].

Explain the necessary radioprotection precautions that the patient should follow to minimize radiation exposure to others before the patient is released. Following administration of Pluvicto, advise patients to limit close contact (less than 3 feet) with household contacts for 2 days or with children and pregnant women for 7 days. Following administration of Pluvicto, advise patients to refrain from sexual activity for 7 days. Following administration of Pluvicto, advise patients to sleep in a separate bedroom from household contacts for 3 days, from children for 7 days, or from pregnant women for 15 days [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)].

Myelosuppression

Advise patients to contact their healthcare provider for any signs or symptoms of myelosuppression, such as tiredness, weakness, pale skin, shortness of breath, bleeding or bruising more easily than normal or difficulty to stop bleeding, or frequent infections with signs, such as fever, chills, sore throat or mouth ulcers [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)].

Renal Toxicity

Advise patients to remain well hydrated and to urinate frequently before and after administration of Pluvicto. Advise patients to contact their healthcare provider for any signs or symptoms of renal toxicity, such as passing urine less often than usual or passing much smaller amounts of urine than usual [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)].

Embryo-Fetal Toxicity

Advise patients that Pluvicto can cause fetal harm [see Warnings and Precautions.

Advise male patients with female partners of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during treatment with Pluvicto and for 14 weeks after the last dose.

Infertility

Advise males of reproductive potential that Pluvicto may cause temporary or permanent infertility.

Distributed by:

Advanced Accelerator Applications USA, Inc.
Millburn, NJ 07041

©2022 Advanced Accelerator Applications USA, Inc.
Pluvicto is a trademark of Novartis AG and/or its affiliates

U.S. Patents 10398791; 10406240

T2022-17

PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL

Pluvicto

1,000 MBq/mL (27 mCi/mL)

lutetium Lu 177 vipivotide tetraxetan injection

Intravenous use Single-dose vial

Sterile

NDC 69488-010-61

Rx Only

Advanced Accelerator Applications USA, Inc. Millburn, NJ 07041

Pluvicto

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