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Generic name: semaglutide injection 
Name of the brand: Ozempic
The class of drug: Incretin mimetics


What is Ozempic?


Ozempic (semaglutide) is like a hormone that naturally occurs within the body. It assists to regulate blood sugar, insulin levels and digestion.

Ozempic comes pre-filled and is a disposable, single-use, disposable injection pen, which is used exercise and diet to increase blood sugar control for patients suffering from type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Ozempic is generally prescribed following the other diabetes medications were tried but with no success.

Ozempic can also be utilized to lower the risk of serious cardiovascular events, such as stroke, heart attack or even death for adults suffering from the type 2 form of diabetes and known heart disease.

This medication is not intended for treating type 1 diabetes.



It is not recommended to make use of Ozempic when you suffer from multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 2 (tumors within your glands) and an individual or family background of thyroid medullary tumors, insulin-dependent diabetes or diabetic ketoacidosis.

Consult your physician immediately If you are experiencing symptoms of thyroid cancer for example, swelling or a lump on your neck, difficulty swallowing, hoarse voice or a shortness of breath.


Before you start taking this medicine, make sure to consult your doctor.

It is not recommended to make use of Ozempic If you have an allergy to semaglutide, or you suffer from:

  • Multiple endocrine Neoplasia Type 2 (tumours within the glands);
  • A family or personal background of medullary thyroid cancer (a kind of cancer that affects the thyroid) or
  • diabetes ketoacidosis (call your doctor to seek treatment).

To ensure that Ozempic is appropriate for you, consult your physician if you suffer from:

  • an intestinal or stomach disorder;
  • pancreatitis;
  • kidney disease or
  • eye issues caused by diabetic conditions (retinopathy).

In studies on animals semaglutide was found to cause thyroid cancers or thyroid tumors. It isn’t known if these side effects could occur in humans. Consult your physician about the potential risk.

Stop using this medication at least 2 months prior to when you are planning to become pregnant. Ask your doctor for a safe medicine to take during this time. The control of diabetes is crucial during pregnancy, and so is gaining the correct amounts of weight. Even if you’re overweight being pregnant, losing weight can be harmful to the baby who is stillborn.

It’s not clear whether semaglutide is absorbed into milk. Talk to your healthcare professional regarding the best method you can feed your child using Ozempic.

Ozempic is not permitted for use by anyone under 18 years of age.


How should I take  Ozempic?

Use Ozempic as directed by your physician. Follow the directions on the prescription label and study the medication instructions or medication guidance sheets. Ozempic usually starts at a low dosage that is gradually increased every four weeks or 30 days. Follow your doctor’s instructions for dosing with care.

Ozempic can be injected under the skin, typically every week at any time during the day and without or with food. Inject every day of the week.

Follow all instructions for use. Consult your physician or pharmacist for assistance.

Only inject when you are ready to administer it. Contact your pharmacist if the medicine is cloudy, changed colors, or contains particles.

Your doctor will tell you the best place to inject this medication. Make sure you do not inject in the same spot twice in the same row.

If you decide to change your weekday injection date, you must begin your new schedule after two more days had passed after the previous injection you administered.

Don’t use different brands of semaglutide at all at the same time.

Blood sugar levels can be affected by illness, stress surgical procedures alcohol consumption, eating infrequently.

A low glucose levels (hypoglycemia) can cause you to feel extremely hungry, dizzy, angry or shakey. To treat hypoglycemia quickly take a snack or drink of crackers, hard candy, fruit juice, raisins, as well as non-diet beverages. Your physician may recommend glucagon injections in the event of extreme hypoglycemia.

Inform your doctor if you notice frequent signs of elevated blood sugar (hyperglycemia) like more frequent urination or thirst. Talk to your doctor about changing your dosage or your medication regimen.

The treatment you receive could also comprise exercise, diet as well as weight control. It could also include medical tests and medical attention.

It is possible to become dehydrated in long-term illness. Contact your physician if you are suffering from vomiting and diarrhea or take fewer calories or drinks than normal.

Keep empty Ozempic injection pens inside the original carton in a fridge in a dark, secure place away from sunlight. Don’t use them beyond when the date of expiration is. Dispose of an injection pen that is frozen.

The Ozempic pen has multiple doses. After the first time you use it put the pen away without needle in a fridge or at the room temperature. Keep it away from light and heat. Make sure the cap is off when not being used. Dispose of the pen 56 days after the first time you use it or if less than 0.25 mg is displayed on the counter for doses.

Don’t reuse needles. Put it in an impervious to puncture “sharps” container and dispose of it according to the local or state laws. Keep it out of the range of pets and children.


Dosing information

Usual Adult Dose for Diabetes Type 2:

Subcutaneous Administration:
Initial dosage: 0.25 mg subcutaneously once every week for four weeks. Then, 0.5 mg subcutaneously each week
If additional glycemic control is required after at least 4 weeks of taking 0.5 mg subcutaneously every once every week, it is possible to increase the dose to 1 mg, once every week.
Dosage for maintenance: 0.5 to 1 mg subcutaneously, once per week.
Maximum dose: 1 mg/week.

Usual Adult Dose for Cardiovascular Risk Reduction:

Subcutaneous Administration:
Initial dosage: 0.25 mg subcutaneously once each week for 4 weeks, and then 0.5 mg subcutaneously each week
If additional glycemic control is required, it should be done after at minimum 4 weeks taking 0.5 mg dosage subcutaneously every once per week, the dose may be increased the dose to 1 mg, once per week.
Dosage for maintenance: 0.5 to 1 mg subcutaneously, once per week.
Maximum dose: 1 mg/week.

As an addition to exercise and diet to increase glycemic control adults suffering from type 2 diabetes mellitus.
To reduce the chance of serious heart events (cardiovascular death non-fatal myocardial injury, non-fatal stroke) for adults suffering from Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus as well as existing cardiovascular disease.


If I do not take the dose?

Take the medicine as quickly as you are able and return to your normal schedule. When you’re longer than five days behind on the injection, avoid the missed dose and go back to your normal schedule.

Do not take twice the dose of Ozempic at the same time.


How do I react if take too much?

For medical emergencies, seek emergency medical attention or contact toll-free the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222.

The overdose can cause extreme nausea vomiting and the blood sugar levels to be low.


What are the most important things to avoid when using Ozempic?

Do not give an injection pen away, even if you have changed the needle. Sharing the device could spread the disease or infection from individual to.


Ozempic adverse effects

Take immediate medical care If you exhibit symptoms for an allergy reaction Ozempic: hives, itching; dizziness; rapid heartbeats; difficulty breathing and swelling of your lips, face tongue, throat, or face.

Contact your doctor immediately If you are suffering from:

  • vision alters;
  • unexpected mood changes thoughts of hurting yourself
  • Heartbeats that pound or flutter in your chest (Arrhythmias)
  • a euphoric feeling, similar to you’re about to pass out.
  • indications of thyroid cancer swelling or lump that is visible in the neck difficulty swallowing, hoarse voice or feeling tired;
  • signs of pancreatitis The most severe pain is felt in your upper stomach , spreading into the back of your body, vomiting that is with nausea or vomiting a rapid heart rate
  • gallbladder issues Upper stomach discomfort as well as fever, stools with a clay color and jaundice (yellowing of the eyes or skin);
  • Low blood sugar fatigue, headache and weakness. It can also cause sweating, anxiety, confusion, dizziness rapid heart rate or feeling anxious;
  • kidney issues – swelling, urination less frequently, feeling exhausted or tired; or
  • stomach symptoms of flu gastric cramps and vomiting vomiting, loss of appetite and diarrhea (may be bloody or watery).

Common Ozempic adverse effects could be:

  • Low blood sugar (in those suffering from Type 2 Diabetes);
  • Heartburn, stomach upset gas, burping, stomach upset, bloating
  • nausea stomach pain, vomiting, lack of appetite
  • diarrhea, constipation;
  • stomach flu symptoms; or
  • headache, dizziness, tiredness.

This isn’t an exhaustive list of all side effects. others could happen. Contact your doctor to seek medical advice on adverse effects. You can report any side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.


What other drugs can impact Ozempic?

Semaglutide may slow down digestion, and it could delay the body’s ability to absorb any medications you consume by mouth.

Discuss with your doctor any other medications including insulin and other diabetes medicines like dulaglutide exenatide, liraglutide Byetta, Trulicity, Victoza and more.

Other medications can affect semaglutide’s effects, including medications that are prescribed and available over the counter such as vitamins, herbal products. Discuss with your physician all other medicines you take.

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