Ativan (Lorazepam)

Name of generic: lorazepam
Drug class: Benzodiazepine anticonvulsants, Benzodiazepines, Miscellaneous antiemetics


Oral route(Capsule Extended Release; Tablet)


Risks From Concomitant Use With Opioids; Abuse, Misuse, and Addiction; and Dependence and Withdrawal Reactions: Concomitant use of benzodiazepines and opioids may result in profound sedation, respiratory depression, coma, and death. It is recommended to avoid prescribing the drugs for patients whose treatment options are not sufficient. Limit duration and dosages to the minimum amount required. Monitor patients for any signs or symptoms of respiratory depression as well as sedation. The usage of benzodiazepines which include lorazepam, for instance, exposes users to the dangers of misuse, abuse, and addiction that could result in overdose or even death. Use and misuse of benzodiazepines usually involve usage of other drugs, alcohol, or illicit substances, and are linked to a higher risk of adverse events that are serious. Before prescribing lorazepam, and throughout treatment, you must assess the potential for misuse, abuse, and addiction. The continuous use of benzodiazepines such as lorazepam could lead to serious physical dependence. The dangers of withdrawal and dependence increase when treatment is prolonged and greater doses daily. Rapid or abrupt discontinuation or reduction after prolonged usage can trigger acute withdrawal reactions, which could be life-threatening. To minimize the risk of withdrawal reactions, employ gradual taper to stop taking the lorazepam medication or decrease the dosage.

Brand names

In the U.S.

Available Dosage Forms:

Therapeutic Class: Antianxiety

Pharmacologic Class: Benzodiazepine, Short or Intermediate Acting

Uses for Ativan

Ativan helps treat disorders of anxiety. It also provides temporary relief from the symptoms of anxiety or stress that are caused by depression. Lorazepam is one of the benzodiazepines, which is a brain stimulant that helps alleviate the symptoms associated with anxiety. The benzodiazepines constitute central nervous system (CNS) depressants medications that reduce the activity of the nervous system.

This medication is only available upon prescription by your doctor.

Before taking Ativan

When deciding whether to take a medication, the potential risks of using the medication must be considered against the benefits it can do. This is a decision that you and your physician will take. To determine the appropriate medicine it is important to take the following into assessed:


Inform your doctor If you’ve ever experienced an unusual reaction or allergic reaction to this medicine, or any other medication. Be sure to inform your health doctor if you are suffering from other kinds of allergies, like dyes, food or preservatives, or animals. For products that are not prescription-only, you must review the label or the ingredients on the package carefully.


Studies that are appropriate have not been conducted to determine the relationship of age and the effects of Lorazepam tablets, oral liquid in children less than 12 years old, as well as longer-release pills for children. The safety and effectiveness of the product have not been proven.


The studies that have been conducted up to now haven’t revealed the existence of geriatric-specific issues that hinder the effectiveness of lorazepam among the older. However, patients who are elderly tend to suffer undesirable side effects (eg extreme drowsiness, unstable) as well as age-related kidney heart, or liver problems that may need to be treated with caution and adjustments to the dosage.


Women’s studies indicate the medication poses a low risk to babies when it is used during breastfeeding.

Interactions between medicines

Certain medicines shouldn’t be taken together In other instances, two medicines can be combined even though interactions could occur. In these situations, the doctor may decide to adjust the dosage or take other precautions if required. If you are taking this medication it is crucial that you inform your healthcare provider that you are currently taking one or more of the medications mentioned below. These interactions have been chosen based on their potential impact and may not be all-inclusive.

The use of this medication together with any of the following medications is not advised. Your doctor might choose not to treat you with this medicine or alter any other medication you are taking.

Utilizing this medicine in conjunction together with any of the following medications is generally not advised, however it may be necessary for certain situations. If two medicines are prescribed in conjunction the doctor could alter the dosage or frequency you take one or both of the medications.

Utilizing this medicine in conjunction in conjunction with one of the following medications could result in an increased risk of some adverse effects, however taking both medications could be the best option for you. If you are prescribed both medications in combination, your physician could alter the dose or frequency at which you take either or both medications.

Interactions with alcohol/food/tobacco/food

Certain medications shouldn’t be used during or near the time of taking food, or eating specific kinds of food, as interactions can happen. Smoking or drinking alcohol in conjunction together with certain medications can create interactions. The following interactions have been chosen because of their potential impact and are not intended to be comprehensive.

Other medical issues

The presence of medical issues could impact the effectiveness of this medication. Be sure to inform your doctor if there are any other medical conditions including:

Proper use of Ativan (lorazepam)


Use this medicine only according to the directions of your physician. Do not take more than you need and don’t take it for longer periods of time and do not take it for more period of time than the prescription your doctor gave you. If too much medication is consumed for an extended period of period of time, it could develop into a habit (causing physical or mental dependence).

The medicine must be accompanied by a Medication Guide. Follow these directions attentively. Talk to your doctor if have any concerns.

Take and swallow the tablet entire. Do not break, crush or chew it.

Suck this extended release capsule in its entirety. Don’t crush, break or chew on it. If you are unable to swallow the capsule that has extended-release and you are unable to swallow it, open it up and sprinkle the medication onto an applesauce spoon. Mix it well, then take it in, without chewing. Drink water following the swallowing of the mixture. Drink the mixture within two hours after mixing. Do not keep the mix for future use.

Make sure you measure your dosage of oral fluid with the marked medication dropper included in the box. Mix each dose by adding water, juice or soda, applesauce or puddings.


The dosage of this medication can differ depending on the patient. Follow the doctor’s instructions or the instructions in the prescription. The information below is only the doses that are typical of this medication. If your dose differs don’t alter it unless your doctor instructs you to change it.

The quantity of medicine you consume is contingent on your strength medication. Additionally, the amount of doses that you are taking each day, the interval between doses, as well as the duration of time that you use the medication are contingent on the medical issue for which you’re taking the medication.

Missed dose

If you have missed the dose of this medication be sure to take it as fast as you can. But, if it’s nearing the time to take your next dose, avoid the missed dose and then go back to your normal dose schedule. Don’t double doses.


Keep the medication in a sealed bottle at room temperatures, and away from moisture, heat and sunlight. Be sure to keep the medicine from getting frozen.

Keep your items out of reach of children.

Avoid keeping outdated medicines or medications that are no longer required.

Consult your physician to tell you how to dispose of any medicine that you do not take.

Safety precautions when taking Ativan

It is crucial to have your doctor examine your child’s or your own progress during regular visits to check if this medication is working and to allow for adjustments in the dosage. Tests for blood may be required to look for any undesirable side effects.

Utilizing this medication while you are pregnant may cause harm to your baby. Make sure you use a safe method of contraception to stop you from becoming pregnant. If you think that you’ve become pregnant while taking the medication, inform your doctor immediately.

The medicine could cause a habit. If you suspect that the medicine isn’t functioning as it should don’t take more than the dose you are prescribed. Contact your doctor for guidance.

If you experience odd and bizarre thoughts or behaviors during your treatment with lorazepam make sure you discuss it with your physician. Certain changes that have occurred for people who take this medication are similar to those experienced by those who drink alcohol and afterward behave in a manner that isn’t normal. Other changes can be more extreme and unusual including anxiety, depression becoming worse hallucinations (seeing or hearing or experiencing things that aren’t) thoughts of self-destruction, and an unusual level of feelings of nervousness, excitement, or irritation.

This medication can cause drowsiness, difficulty thinking, problems with managing movements or problems in seeing clearly. Make sure you are aware of the reaction you will experience to this medication before you drive, work with machines, or perform any else that may be risky in the event that you aren’t aware of in a position to think or perceive clearly.

The symptoms of an overdose may include blurred vision, changes in consciousness disorientation, confusion or faintness upon waking up from a sitting or lying position, hallucinations, more sweating or loss of consciousness, diminished energy or strength muscles or muscle weakness or shakiness, sleeplessness, unstable walking, an irregular or slow heartbeat sweating, difficulty speaking or speaking, trembling, unsteadiness or other issues that affect coordination or muscle control troubles sleeping, abnormal exuberance, nervousness, agitation or irritability. unusual fatigue and weakness. Contact your physician immediately when you experience these signs.

This medicine can trigger breathing depression (serious breathing problems that could be life-threatening), particularly when combined in conjunction with narcotic pain medications. Consult your physician if you are taking any of the narcotic medicines.

Do not discontinue taking it without talking with your physician prior to doing so. Your doctor may prefer to gradually decrease the dosage you’re using before stopping completely. This could help to prevent worsening of your condition as well as lessen the chance of developing withdrawal-related symptoms like seizures, headaches, hallucinations muscle or stomach cramps, tremors, difficulty sleeping, or any unusual behavior.

This medication will enhance those effects caused by alcohol as well as the other central nervous system (CNS) depressants. CNS depressants are drugs that reduce the activity of the nervous system, which can cause an increase in drowsiness or less alert. A few examples of CNS depressants are antihistamines and medicines for allergies, hay fever colds, sedatives tranquilizers or sleeping pills prescription pain medication or barbiturates, narcotics, or medication to treat seizures. They also include muscle relaxers or anesthetics (numbing medications) and even certain dental anesthetics. The effect can persist for up to a couple of weeks after the medication is stopped. Consult your physician prior to using any of the listed when you’re taking this medication.

The extended release capsule during pregnancy could cause neonatal withdrawal syndrome for your infants. Inform your doctor immediately when your baby exhibits an unusual pattern of sleep or diarrhea, a high-pitched cry, irritation, shakiness or the loss of weight, tremors or vomiting, or does not gain weight.

Don’t take any other medication without discussing them with your physician. This includes prescription and other nonprescription (over-the-counter OTC) medications as well as herbal or vitamin supplements.

Ativan side effects

Alongside its necessary effects, some medicines may result in unwanted negative effects. While not all of these adverse effects can be present, if they do occur, they could require medical attention.

Consult your physician immediately in the event that any of these negative side effects occur:

More commonly

The exact cause is not known.

Seek emergency assistance immediately If any of the following signs of overdose develop:

Signs of an overdose

Certain side effects can be experienced which usually don’t require medical care. These side effects can disappear when your body adjusts. Additionally, your doctor might be able to inform you how to prevent or minimize the effects of these adverse effects. Talk to your doctor in the event that any of these adverse effects persist or are troubling or if you have concerns about these:

The exact cause is not known.

Other side effects that aren’t listed could also be present in certain patients. If you experience any other side effects, you should consult with your physician.

Additional details

Always consult your physician to confirm that the information provided on this page is applicable to your particular situation.


Leave a Reply