ZELAPAR SIDE EFFECTS
- Generic Name: selegiline hydrochloride
- Brand Name: Zelapar
The following adverse reactions are discussed in more detail in the Warnings and Precautions section of labeling:
- Risk for Hypertension
- Risk of Serotonin Syndrome
- Falling Asleep During Activities of Daily Living and Somnolence
- Hypotension/Orthostatic Hypotension
- Hallucinations/Psychotic-Like Behavior
- Impulse Control/Compulsive Behaviors
- Withdrawal Emergent Hyperpyrexia and Confusion
- Irritation of the Buccal Mucosa
- Risk for Patients with Phenylketonuria
Clinical Trials Experience
Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, the incidence of adverse reactions (number of unique patients experiencing an adverse reaction per total number of patients treated) observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the incidence of adverse reactions observed in clinical practice.
Because the controlled trials performed during premarketing development both used a titration design (1.25 mg per day for 6 weeks, followed by 2.5 mg per day for 6 weeks), with a resultant confounding of time and dose, it was impossible to adequately evaluate the effects of dose on the incidence of adverse reactions.
The most common adverse reactions (treatment difference incidence at least 3% greater than placebo incidence) reported in the double-blind, placebo-controlled trials during ZELAPAR treatment were constipation, skin disorders, vomiting, dizziness, dyskinesia, insomnia, dyspnea, myalgia, and rash (see Table 1).
Of the 194 patients treated with ZELAPAR in the double-blind, placebo-controlled trials, 5% discontinued due to adverse reactions compared to 1% of the 98 patients who received placebo. Most common adverse reactions causing discontinuation of treatment included dizziness, chest pain, accidental injury, and myasthenia.
Incidence In Controlled Clinical Trials
Table 1 lists the adverse reactions reported in the placebo-controlled trials after at least one dose of ZELAPAR (incidence 2% or greater).
Table 1: Adverse Reactions* in Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trials with an Incidence ≥2% of Patients Treated with ZELAPAR and More Frequent than the Placebo Group
|Body as a Whole|
|Hemic and Lymphatic System|
|Metabolic and Nutritional Disorders|
|Skin and Appendages|
|* Patients may have reported multiple adverse experiences during the study or at discontinuation; thus patients may be included in more than one category.
** Skin disorders represent any new skin abnormality that would not be characterized as rash or neoplastic lesion. These include events such as skin ulcer, fungal dermatitis, skin hypertrophy, contact dermatitis, herpes simplex, dry skin, sweating, urticaria, and pruritus.
Certain adverse reactions were reported at a higher frequency by patients ≥65 years of age compared to patients <65 years.
No consistent differences in the incidences of adverse reactions were observed between male and female patients.
There were insufficient data to assess the impact of race on the incidence of adverse reactions.
SRC: NLM .