XOFLUZA SIDE EFFECTS
- Generic Name: baloxavir marboxil
- Brand Name: Xofluza
- Drug Class: , Antivirals, Endonuclease Inhibitors
Clinical Trials Experience
Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice.
The overall safety profile of XOFLUZA is based on data from 1,943 subjects 12 years of age and older in 4 controlled clinical trials who received XOFLUZA [see Clinical Studies].
Treatment Of Acute Uncomplicated Influenza
Adult and Adolescent Subjects
The safety of XOFLUZA in adult and adolescent subjects is based on data from 3 placebo-controlled trials in which a total of 1,640 subjects received XOFLUZA: 1,334 (81%) subjects were 18 to 64 years of age, 209 (13%) subjects were adults 65 years of age or older, and 97 (6%) subjects were adolescents 12 to 17 years of age. These trials included otherwise healthy adults and adolescents (N=910) and subjects at high risk of developing complications associated with influenza (N=730). Of these, 1,440 subjects received XOFLUZA at the recommended dose [see Clinical Studies]. Trial 1 was a phase 2 dose-finding placebo-controlled trial where otherwise healthy adult subjects 20 to 64 years of age received single oral dose of XOFLUZA or placebo. Trial 2 was a placebo- and active-controlled trial in otherwise healthy adults and adolescents 12 to 64 years of age; subjects received weight-based XOFLUZA or placebo as a single oral dose on Day 1 or oseltamivir twice a day for 5 days. Trial 3 was a randomized, doubleblind, placebo- and active-controlled trial where adults and adolescents at high risk of influenza complications 12 years of age and older received either XOFLUZA, placebo or oseltamivir.
Table 3 displays the most common adverse events (regardless of causality assessment) reported in at least 1% of adult and adolescent subjects who received XOFLUZA at the recommended dose in Trials 1, 2, and 3.
Table 1 Incidence of Adverse Events Occurring in at Least 1% of Adult and Adolescent Subjects Receiving XOFLUZA in the Acute Uncomplicated Influenza Trials 1, 2, and 3
Post-Exposure Prophylaxis Of Influenza
The safety of XOFLUZA in adult and adolescent subjects is based on data from one placebo-controlled clinical trial in which 374 subjects, of which 303 were adult and adolescent subjects ≥ 12 years, received XOFLUZA: eight (3%) subjects were adults 65 years of age or older, and 12 (4%) subjects were adolescents 12 to 17 years of age. The most frequently reported AE in the total study population was nasopharyngitis which occurred in 6% of subjects who received XOFLUZA and 7% on placebo [see Clinical Studies].
The following adverse reactions have been identified during postmarketing use of XOFLUZA. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to XOFLUZA exposure.
Immune System Disorders: Anaphylactic reactions, anaphylactic shock, anaphylactoid reactions, hypersensitivity reactions, angioedema (swelling of face, eyelids, tongue and lips)
Skin And Subcutaneous Tissue Disorders: Rash, urticaria, erythema multiforme
Gastrointestinal Disorders: Vomiting, hematochezia, melena, colitis
Psychiatric Disorders: Delirium, abnormal behavior, hallucinations
Effect Of Other Drugs On XOFLUZA
Baloxavir may form a chelate with polyvalent cations such as calcium, aluminum, or magnesium. Coadministration with polyvalent cation-containing products may decrease plasma concentrations of baloxavir [see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY], which may reduce XOFLUZA efficacy. Avoid coadministration of XOFLUZA with dairy products, calcium-fortified beverages, polyvalent cation-containing laxatives, antacids, or oral supplements (e.g., calcium, iron, magnesium, selenium, or zinc).
The concurrent use of XOFLUZA with intranasal live attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV) has not been evaluated. Concurrent administration of antiviral drugs may inhibit viral replication of LAIV and thereby decrease the effectiveness of LAIV vaccination. Interactions between inactivated influenza vaccines and XOFLUZA have not been evaluated.
SRC: NLM .