Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome

 

Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) Syndrome
Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) Syndrome

Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome, an extra electrical pathway between your heart’s upper and lower chambers causes a rapid heartbeat. This condition that occurs at birth, is uncommon.

Sudden heartbeats generally don’t cause any serious harm however serious heart problems could be a possibility. Treatment options can prevent or stop instances of rapid heartbeats. An ablation procedure using a catheter (ablation) can be permanent in resolving heart rhythm issues.

 

The majority of people who have an extra electrical pathway do not have a fast heartbeat. This condition, called the Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPS) pattern, is discovered by chance during a heart exam.

 

Symptoms

Anybody, including babies, may experience the signs of WPW syndrome, which is caused by changes in the heart rhythm.

Common signs of Wolff-Parkinson-white syndrome include:

A rapid heartbeat could begin abruptly and last for just a few seconds or for several hours. These episodes may occur in the course of exercise or during rest. Other stimulants, like caffeine and alcohol, can trigger symptoms in some individuals.

Infants and children are prone to symptoms.

Baby signs and symptoms with WPW The symptoms can include:

When is the best time to visit a doctor?

Many conditions can cause an irregular rhythm in the heart (arrhythmia). It’s crucial to seek the right diagnosis and treatment. Consult your physician if you or your child exhibits symptoms of WPW syndrome.

Contact your provider or go to a nearby emergency if  suffering from any of the following symptoms that last more than a few minutes

Causes

The additional electrical pathway that leads to the rapid heartbeat occurs from birth. A genetic defect is responsible for the condition in only a tiny percentage of patients suffering from WPW syndrome. The disorder is also linked to certain forms of congenital heart diseases, for example, Ebstein anomalies.

In other words, we know very little about how the additional pathway is created.

The normal heart electrical system

Your heart is composed of four chambers: two chambers in the upper (atria) as well as two chambers in the lower (ventricles). The heart’s rhythm is controlled by a large mass of tissues in the right atrium (sinus node). The sinus node generates electrical impulses, also known as signals, which cause every heartbeat.

The electrical signals travel through the atria, creating muscles to contract, which then pump blood into the ventricles. The signals are then received by the atrioventricular node, which is also known as an Atrioventricular (AV) node, which is generally the only route for signals to move between the atria and the ventricles. The AV The node slows down the electrical signal before it is sent through the ventricles.

The delay is just enough to allow the ventricles to fill up with blood. When electrical signals are received by those ventricles and muscles contract, they send fluid to the lung and the rest of the body.

Affects the electrical system of WPW in a way that is not normal

In WPW syndrome, an additional electrical pathway joins ventricles and atria, permitting electrical impulses to escape the AV node. This detour triggers the ventricles too late.

The extra pathway could also send electrical impulses from ventricles to the Atria, causing disruption to the coordination of electrical signals in the heart, causing variations in the heart’s rhythm.

The most commonly occurring arrhythmia that is related to WPW Syndrome is also known as paroxysmal supraventricular Tachycardia. People with WPW Syndrome sufferers have an irregular heartbeat, known as atrial fibrillation.

Complications

For many people, WPW syndrome doesn’t cause serious problems. However, complications could develop. It’s sometimes difficult to predict the risk of having serious heart circumstances. If WPW The condition is not treated — especially if you suffer from other heart issues you may be suffering from:

Diagnosis

Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW)
Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) Syndrome

Your physician will most likely suggest tests to determine the cause of your condition. WPW syndrome, including:

Treatment

The treatment you receive is based on a variety of aspects, such as the intensity and frequency of your symptoms, as well as what kind of arrhythmia you are suffering from.

If you are suffering from the WPW If you’re not experiencing symptoms, you’re likely not to require treatment. In the event that you need treatment, your aim of treatment is to slow the speed of your heart whenever it happens and to stop future episodes from occurring.

Treatment choices comprise:

 

For more information

For more information about WPW, please see your physician.

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