STRIANT SIDE EFFECTS
- Generic Name: testosterone
- Brand Name: Striant
- Drug Class: ANDROGENS
Clinical Trials Experience
Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug can not be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice.
Twelve Week Clinical Trials in Hypogonadal Men
In the Phase 3, open-label study, 98 patients received Striant for up to 12 weeks. Adverse reactions to Striant reported by ≥ 1% of patients are listed in Table 1.
Table 1: Adverse Reactions Observed With the Use of Striant in ≥ 1% of Patients
|Gum or Mouth Irritation||9.2%|
Gum irritation generally resolved in 1 to 8 days. Gum tenderness resolved in 1 to 14 days.
The following adverse reactions to Striant occurred in 1 patient each: acne, anxiety, breast enlargement, breast pain, buccal mucosal roughening, difficulty in micturition, fatigue, gingivitis, gum blister, gustatory sense diminished, hematocrit increased, lipids serum increased, liver function tests abnormal, nose edema, stinging of lips, and toothache.
There was one additional 12-week study in 12 patients. In this study, additional adverse reactions to Striant and reported by 1 patient each included emotional lability and hypertension.
Long-Term Extension Clinical Trials in Hypogonadal Men
In two extension trials, a total of 117 and 51 patients received Striant for at least 6 months and 1 year, respectively.
Of 117 patients treated for at least 6 months, adverse reactions reported by 1 patient each included: anxiety, buccal inflammation, depression, dry mouth, gum redness, hypertension, infection, medication error, nausea, pruritus, renal function abnormal, stomatitis, taste bitter, taste perversion and toothache. Polycythemia and increased serum prostate specific antigen (PSA) were reported in three and two patients, respectively.
In these two extension studies, a total of 48 patients received Striant for at least 2 years. In these patients, adverse reactions included: gingival recession, lip ulceration, stomatitis, rash, prostate cancer, increased PSA, abdominal pain, diarrhea, hypertension aggravated, headache, nervousness, polycythemia, taste perversion, aggressiveness, hyperlipidemia, peripheral edema, and anxiety.
Gum-related Adverse Events And Gum Examinations
In the open-label study, all reported gum-related adverse events were collected and gum examinations were conducted at Baseline and every month thereafter.
A total of 16 patients reported 19 gum-related adverse reactions. Of these, ten patients (10.2%) reported 12 reactions of mild intensity, four patients (4.1%) reported 5 reactions of moderate intensity, and two patients (2.0%) reported 2 reactions of severe intensity. Four patients (4.1%) discontinued treatment with Striant due to gum or mouth-related adverse reactions including two with severe gum irritation, one with mouth irritation, and one with “bad taste in mouth.” Gum irritation generally resolved in 1 to 8 days. Gum tenderness resolved in 1 to 14 days.
Monthly gum examinations were conducted to assess for gingivitis, gum edema, oral lesions, ulcerations or leukoplakia. No cases of ulceration or leukoplakia were observed. No new oral lesions were observed. The incidence of gingivitis and gum edema was not increased during treatment.
In the two extension trials, gum examinations were conducted every 3 months while on treatment. In one of these trials, no patient had a gum abnormality, and in the other trial, moderate gingivitis and mild gum edema were reported by 1 patient each.
In these two extension studies, patient-reported information on Striant gum adherence was collected every 3 months for 1 year. At each visit, 37% to 52% of patients reported problems with Striant adhering to the gum. Circumstances surrounding Striant detachment included eating, drinking and oral care. Hot foods and hot beverages were more likely to be associated with detachment than cold food and cold beverages.
The following adverse reactions have been identified during post approval use of Striant. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure: dry mouth, gingival swelling, lip swelling, mouth ulceration, stomatitis, red blood cell increased, dysgeusia, venous thromboembolism, myocardial infarction, and stroke.
SRC: NLM .