SILIQ SIDE EFFECTS
- Generic Name: brodalumab injection for subcutaneous use
- Brand Name: Siliq
- Drug Class: Monoclonal Antibodies
The following serious adverse reactions are discussed in greater detail in other sections of labeling:
- Suicidal Ideation and Behavior
- Crohn’s Disease
Clinical Trial Experience
Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice.
The overall safety population included 4558 subjects (3066 SILIQ, 613 ustekinumab, 879 placebo) in controlled clinical trials and open-label extension studies. The majority of subjects were male (69%), white (91%), and aged 40-64 years old (58%). One third of subjects reported previous biologic use prior to enrollment. Across the clinical development program, 4464 subjects received at least one dose of SILIQ; 3755 subjects were exposed to SILIQ for at least 1 year.
Weeks 0 To 12
Data from one multicenter, randomized, placebo-controlled trial (Trial 1), two multicenter, randomized, placebo- and active-controlled trials (Trials 2 and 3), and one dose-finding trial (Trial 4) in plaque psoriasis were pooled to evaluate the safety of SILIQ (210 mg weekly at Weeks 0, 1, and 2, followed by treatments every 2 weeks [Q2W]) compared to placebo for up to 12 weeks after treatment initiation.
During the 12-week, randomized treatment period, about 1% of the subjects in the treatment groups (SILIQ, ustekinumab, and placebo) discontinued treatment because of adverse events. Adverse events leading to discontinuation of SILIQ included neutropenia, arthralgia, and urticaria. The proportion of subjects who developed serious adverse events was similar among the SILIQ, ustekinumab, and placebo groups.
Table 1 summarizes the adverse reactions that occurred at a rate of at least 1% and at a higher rate in the SILIQ 210 mg Q2W group than in the placebo group during the 12-week randomized treatment period of the pooled trials.
Table 1: Adverse Reactions Occurring in ≥ 1% of Subjects in the SILIQ Group and More Frequently than in the Placebo Group in Plaque Psoriasis Trials through Week 12
|SILIQ 210 mg
every 2 weeksa
|Arthralgia||29 (3.3)||71 (4.7)||15 (2.4)|
|Headache||31 (3.5)||64 (4.3)||23 (3.8)|
|Fatigue||10 (1.1)||39 (2.6)||16 (2.6)|
|Diarrhea||10 (1.1)||33 (2.2)||5 (0.8)|
|Oropharyngeal pain||10 (1.1)||31 (2.1)||8 (1.3)|
|Nausea||10 (1.1)||28 (1.9)||6 (1.0)|
|Myalgia||3 (0.3)||26 (1.7)||4 (0.7)|
|Injection site reactions
(pain, erythema, bruising, hemorrhage, pruritus)
|11 (1.3)||23 (1.5)||12 (2.0)|
|Influenza||4 (0.5)||19 (1.3)||7 (1.1)|
|Neutropenia||4 (0.5)||15 (1.0)||5 (0.8)|
(tinea pedis, versicolor, cruris)
|2 (0.2)||15 (1.0)||3 (0.5)|
|a Subjects receiving 210 mg of SILIQ at Weeks 0, 1, and 2, followed by treatment every 2 weeks during the 12-week period.
b Trials 2 and 3 included the active comparator, ustekinumab.
Adverse reactions that occurred in less than 1% of subjects in the SILIQ group through Week 12 were conjunctivitis and candida infections (including oral [0.2%], genital [0.1%], and esophageal [0.1%] versus none in the placebo group).
Week 0 To End Of Trial
Through Week 52, exposure-adjusted rates of serious adverse events were similar between subjects treated with SILIQ and those treated with ustekinumab. Through the end of the trial, the exposure-adjusted rates of treatment-emergent serious adverse events were similar to those seen in the 52-week period in the subjects treated with SILIQ.
Specific Adverse Reactions
Suicidal Ideation and Behavior
During the 12-week randomized treatment period in the pooled trials, one subject in the SILIQ group attempted suicide and none in the placebo or ustekinumab groups.
From initiation through Week 52 of the trials, suicidal ideation or behavior occurred in 7 of 4019 subjects (0.2 per 100 subject-years) treated with SILIQ and in 2 of 613 subjects (0.4 per 100 subject-years) treated with ustekinumab.
During the course of the clinical trials for plaque psoriasis, suicidal ideation or behavior occurred in 34 of 4464 subjects treated with SILIQ (0.37 per 100 subjectyears). Eight of the 10 subjects who attempted or completed suicide had a history of depression and/or suicidal ideation or behavior.
During the 12-week randomized treatment period, infections occurred in 25.4% of the SILIQ group compared to 23.4% of the placebo group. The majority of infections consisted of nasopharyngitis, upper respiratory tract infection, pharyngitis, urinary tract infections, bronchitis, and influenza, and did not necessitate treatment discontinuation. The SILIQ group had a higher rate of fungal infections compared to the placebo group (1.8% vs 0.9%). The fungal infections were primarily nonserious skin and mucosal candida infections.
During the 12-week randomized treatment period, neutropenia occurred in 0.7% of subjects in the SILIQ group. Most adverse reactions of neutropenia were transient. In subjects with normal absolute neutrophil count (ANC) at baseline, a reduction in ANC occurred in 6.8% of subjects in the SILIQ group, compared to 3.3% in the ustekinumab group, and 3.6% in the placebo group. Neutropenia ≥ Grade 3 (< 1000/mm3) occurred in 0.5% of subjects in the SILIQ group compared to 0.2% of subjects in the ustekinumab group and none in the placebo group. From Week 0 to end of trial, the exposure-adjusted rate of treatment-emergent neutropenia was 0.4 per 100 subject-years (0.1 per 100 subject-years were ≥ Grade 3). No serious infections were associated with cases of neutropenia.
As with all therapeutic proteins, there is potential for immunogenicity with SILIQ. Approximately 3% of subjects treated with SILIQ developed antibodies to brodalumab through the 52-week treatment period. Of the subjects who developed antibodies to brodalumab, none had antibodies that were classified as neutralizing. However, the assay to test for neutralizing antibodies had limitations detecting neutralizing antibodies in the presence of brodalumab; therefore, the incidence of neutralizing antibody development could be underestimated.
The detection of antibody formation is highly dependent on the sensitivity and specificity of the assay. Additionally, the observed incidence of antibody (including neutralizing antibody) positivity in an assay may be influenced by several factors, including assay methodology, sample handling, timing of sample collection, concomitant medications, and underlying disease. For these reasons, comparison of the incidence of antibodies to SILIQ with the incidence of antibodies to other products may be misleading.
SRC: NLM .