PROBENECID AND COLCHICINE SIDE EFFECTS
- Generic Name: probenecid and colchicine
- Brand Name: Benemid
- Drug Class: Uricosuric Agents
The following adverse reactions have been observed and within each category are listed in order of decreasing severity.
Central Nervous System: headache, dizziness.
Metabolic: precipitation of acute gouty arthritis.
Gastrointestinal:hepatic necrosis, vomiting, nausea, anorexia, sore gums.
Genitourinary: nephrotic syndrome, uric acid stones with or without hematuria, renal colic, costovertebral pain, urinary frequency.
Hypersensitivity: anaphylaxis, fever, urticaria, pruritus.
Hematologic: aplastic anemia, leukopenia, hemolytic anemia which in some patients could be related to genetic deficiency of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase in red blood cells, anemia.
Integumentary: dermatitis, alopecia, flushing.
Side effects due to colchicines appear to be a function of dosage. The possibility of increased colchicine toxicity in the presence of hepatic dysfunction should be considered. The appearance of any of the following symptoms may require reduction of dosage or discontinuance of the drug.
Central Nervous System: peripheral neuritis.
Musculoskeletal: muscular weakness.
Gastrointestinal: nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, or diarrhea may be particularly troublesome in the presence of peptic ulcer or spastic colon.
Hematologic: aplastic anemia, agranulocytosis. Integumentary: dermatitis, purpura, alopecia.
At toxic doses, colchicine may cause severe diarrhea, generalized vascular damage, and renal damage with hematuria and oliguria.
SRC: NLM .