Miglustat

Generic name: miglustat
Brand name: Zavesca
Dosage form: oral capsule (100 mg)
Drug class: Miscellaneous metabolic agents

Medically reviewed by  A Ras MD.

What is miglustat?

Miglustat is a prescription medicine that is used to treat Gaucher’s disease.

Description

Miglustat Capsules, 100 mg are a glucosylceramide synthase inhibitor, which is a glucosyl transferase enzyme responsible for the first step in the synthesis of most glycosphingolipids. Miglustat is an N-alkylated imino sugar, a synthetic analog of D-glucose.

The chemical name for miglustat is 1,5-(butylimino)-1,5-dideoxy-D-glucitol with the chemical formula C10H21NO4 and a molecular weight of 219.28.

structure

Miglustat is a white to off-white crystalline solid and has a bitter taste. It is highly soluble in water (>1000 mg/mL as a free base).

Miglustat capsules are supplied in hard gelatin capsules each containing 100 mg miglustat for oral administration. Each miglustat 100 mg capsule also contains magnesium stearate. Ingredients in the capsule shell include gelatin and titanium dioxide, and the shells are printed with edible ink consisting of black iron oxide, propylene glycol, potassium hydroxide and shellac.

Mechanism of Action

Type 1 Gaucher disease is caused by a functional deficiency of glucocerebrosidase, the enzyme that mediates the degradation of the glycosphingolipid glucosylceramide.

Miglustat functions as a competitive and reversible inhibitor of the enzyme glucosylceramide synthase, the initial enzyme in a series of reactions which results in the synthesis of most glycosphingolipids.

Miglustat helps reduce the rate of glycosphingolipid biosynthesis so that the amount of glycosphingolipid substrate is reduced to a level which allows the residual activity of the deficient glucocerebrosidase enzyme to be more effective (substrate reduction therapy). In vitro and in vivo studies have shown that miglustat can reduce the synthesis of glucosylceramide-based glycosphingolipids.

Before taking miglustat, tell your doctor:

  • If you are allergic to miglustat; any part of this medicine; or any other drugs, foods, or substances. Tell your doctor about the allergy and what signs you had.
  • If you have kidney disease.
  • If you are breast-feeding or plan to breast-feed.

This is not a list of all drugs or health problems that interact with miglustat.

Tell your doctor and pharmacist about all of your drugs (prescription or OTC, natural products, vitamins) and health problems. You must check to make sure that it is safe for you to take miglustat with all of your drugs and health problems. Do not start, stop, or change the dose of any drug without checking with your doctor.

What are some things I need to know or do while I take miglustat?

  • Tell all of your health care providers that you take miglustat. This includes your doctors, nurses, pharmacists, and dentists.
  • You may bleed more easily. Be careful and avoid injury. Use a soft toothbrush and an electric razor.
  • Have blood work checked as you have been told by the doctor. Talk with the doctor.
  • This medicine may cause diarrhea. If you get diarrhea, talk with your doctor about ways to lower this effect. Do not stop taking miglustat without talking with your doctor.
  • Follow the diet plan that your doctor told you about.
  • This medicine may affect growth in children and teens in some cases. They may need regular growth checks. Talk with the doctor.
  • Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan on getting pregnant. You will need to talk about the benefits and risks of using miglustat while you are pregnant.

How is miglustat best taken?

Use miglustat as ordered by your doctor. Read all information given to you. Follow all instructions closely.

  • It is best to take miglustat in between meals or as you have been told by your doctor.
  • Take miglustat at the same time of day.
  • Keep taking miglustat as you have been told by your doctor or other health care provider, even if you feel well.

What do I do if I miss a dose?

  • Skip the missed dose and go back to your normal time.
  • Do not take 2 doses at the same time or extra doses.

What are the side effects of miglustat that I need to call my doctor about immediately?

WARNING/CAUTION: Even though it may be rare, some people may have very bad and sometimes deadly side effects when taking a drug. Tell your doctor or get medical help right away if you have any of the following signs or symptoms that may be related to a very bad side effect:

  • Signs of an allergic reaction, like rash; hives; itching; red, swollen, blistered, or peeling skin with or without fever; wheezing; tightness in the chest or throat; trouble breathing, swallowing, or talking; unusual hoarseness; or swelling of the mouth, face, lips, tongue, or throat.
  • Severe diarrhea.
  • Diarrhea that will not go away.
  • A big weight loss.
  • A burning, numbness, or tingling feeling that is not normal.
  • Weakness.
  • Change in eyesight.
  • Any unexplained bruising or bleeding.
  • Memory problems or loss.
  • Very bad headache.
  • Shakiness.
  • Trouble walking.

What are some other side effects of miglustat?

All drugs may cause side effects. However, many people have no side effects or only have minor side effects. Call your doctor or get medical help if any of these side effects or any other side effects bother you or do not go away:

  • Dizziness.
  • Stomach pain or heartburn.
  • Weight loss.
  • Diarrhea.
  • Upset stomach or throwing up.
  • Gas.
  • Bloating.
  • Not hungry.
  • Constipation.
  • Dry mouth.
  • Back pain.
  • Leg cramps.
  • Muscle cramps.
  • Headache.
  • Feeling of heaviness in your arms or legs.
  • Period (menstrual) changes.

These are not all of the side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, call your doctor. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects.

You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-332-1088. You may also report side effects at https://www.fda.gov/medwatch.

If overdose is suspected:

If you think there has been an overdose, call your poison control center or get medical care right away. Be ready to tell or show what was taken, how much, and when it happened.

How do I store and/or throw out miglustat?

  • Store at room temperature.
  • Store in a dry place. Do not store in a bathroom.
  • Keep all drugs in a safe place. Keep all drugs out of the reach of children and pets.
  • Throw away unused or expired drugs. Do not flush down a toilet or pour down a drain unless you are told to do so. Check with your pharmacist if you have questions about the best way to throw out drugs. There may be drug take-back programs in your area.

 

Label

PACKAGE/LABEL PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL

  • MigLUstat Capsules, 100 mg
    NDC 43975-310-83
    90 (15 x 6) Unit-of-use Capsules
    Oral use
    Rx only
    Carton

 

Imprint OGT 918 100 - miglustat 100 mg

SRC: NLM .

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