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Generic name: sitagliptin 
The brand name:  Januvia
Drug class: Dipeptidyl peptidase 4 inhibitors

What is the Januvia?


Januvia (sitagliptin) is an oral diabetes medication which helps regulate the blood sugar level. It does this by controlling the amount of insulin your body releases after eating.

Januvia is utilized in conjunction with exercise and diet to help improve blood sugar control for adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Januvia is not a treatment for type 1 diabetes.


The use of Januvia is not recommended when you are suffering from ketoacidosis due to diabetes (call your physician for an insulin treatment).

Contact your doctor if are experiencing signs of heart disease shortness of breath (even when lying down) swelling in your feet or legs or feet, weight gain that is rapid.

Do not take Januvia and consult your physician If you experience the signs and symptoms that suggest pancreatitis which is characterized by extreme discomfort in your stomach that is spreading into your back and vomiting or not.

Before taking this medication, you must consult your physician.

It is not recommended to take Januvia If you have an allergy to sitagliptin, or you suffer from diabetes ketoacidosis (call your doctor to discuss the treatment using insulin).

Inform your doctor if you ever had:

  • Kidney disease (or if you’re taking dialysis);
  • heart-related problems;
  • pancreatitis;
  • high triglycerides (a kind of fat found in the blood);
  • gallstones or
  • alcoholism.

Follow the instructions of your physician on using Januvia when you are expecting or are pregnant. Blood sugar control is crucial during pregnancy. Your dosage requirements could differ throughout each trimester. High blood sugar levels can result in complications for both the mother and baby.

Your name could have to be added to the registry for pregnancy with Januvia when you begin using this medication.

It is not recommended to breastfeed your baby while you are taking this medication. Consult your physician regarding any potential risks.

Januvia has not been approved to be used by anyone younger than 18 years old.

What way should I do to use Januvia?

You should take Januvia exactly as was prescribed to you. Follow the instructions on the prescription label and make sure you read all the directions or guides to your medication. Your doctor might occasionally alter the dose you take. Make sure you take the medicine exactly as prescribed.

You can take Januvia in combination with food or not. Follow the directions of your doctor.

The blood sugar of your child may require regular testing as well as additional blood tests in the doctor’s office.

There is a possibility that you may experience insufficient levels of blood sugar (hypoglycemia) and you feel hungry, dizzy, angry, and anxious. You may also feel confused, confused, or even shaky. To help treat hypoglycemia fast consume or drink quick-acting sources of sugar (fruit juice crackers, hard candy, crackers raisins, other non-diet drinks).

The doctor might prescribe the glucagon injection kit in the event that you suffer from severe hypoglycemia. Make sure your family or friends are aware of the procedure to administer the injection in the event of an emergency.

Be on the lookout for symptoms for the presence of high levels in levels of blood sugar (hyperglycemia) like more thirst or urination eye strain, blurred vision, and fatigue.

The blood sugar levels may be affected by illness, stress surgical procedures, exercise alcohol consumption, not eating meals. Talk to your doctor prior to altering your dosage or medication schedule.

Januvia is just one component of a comprehensive treatment plan which could also comprise diet exercises, weight loss and blood sugar tests, and medical treatment that is specific to your needs. Follow the instructions of your physician precisely.

Keep at room temperature, free of heat, moisture, and light.

Dosing information

Usual Adult Dose for Diabetes Type 2:

Usual dosage 100 mg, taken orally every day, once

Comments when used in conjunction with insulin-secretagogue (e.g. the sulfonylurea) or insulin the use of a lower dose of insulin secretagogue, or insulin, may be needed to lower the risk of hypoglycemia.

Use: As an addition to exercise and diet to increase glycemic control for those suffering from type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Detailed Januvia dosage information

If I do not take a dose?

Do not take the medicine for as long as you are able, but avoid any missed doses if it’s nearing the time to take the next dose. Don’t take two doses at a time.

How do I react if take too much?

Get medical attention immediately or contact the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222. You could be suffering from low blood sugar including intense weakening, blurred vision, sweating, difficulty speaking, nausea, confusion, stomach pain, and seizures (convulsions).

What can you do to be aware of to

Follow your doctor’s advice regarding any restrictions on your food, drink, or any activity.

Januvia side effects

Take immediate medical care If you are experiencing indications warnings of an allergy reaction Januvia (hives and difficulty breathing, swelling of your throat or face) or a severe skin reaction (fever and burning or sore throats, irritation around your eyes skin irritation the skin is red or purple, itchy the rash spreads and leads to peeling and blisters).

Do not take Januvia and consult your physician immediately if you experience signs of pancreatitis which is characterized by intense stomach pain that extends to your back and vomiting or not.

Consult your physician immediately If you are suffering from:

  • severe allergic reaction: itching and blisters, as well as the breakdown of the skin’s outer layer;
  • chronic or constant joint pain that is persistent or constant;
  • very little or no urine; or
  • signs for heart disease: shortness of breath (even in a reclining position) swelling of your feet or legs and rapid weight increase, arrhythmias.

Common Januvia adverse effects could be:

  • Low blood sugar levels;
  • headaches or
  • nasal stuffiness or runny nose and sore throat.

This is not a comprehensive list of all side effects. other side effects could occur. Contact your physician for advice regarding medical the effects. You can report any symptoms to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.


What other drugs can have an effect on Januvia?

Januvia may not perform in the same way if you take other medicines with other medications. Numerous other medications can influence the control of blood sugar.

You could be more likely to suffer from low blood sugar levels if also take insulin.

Other medications can affect sitagliptin, such as prescription and over-the counter medicines as well as vitamins and herbal products. Inform your physician about your current medications and any medication you begin or stop taking.

This includes over-the-counter and prescription medications, vitamins, as well as herbal supplements. The interactions of all medications are not mentioned in this article. Discuss with your doctor the medicines you are about to start or stop taking.

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