• Generic Name: colchicine oral solution
  • Brand Name: Gloperba
  • Drug Class: Antigout Agents
Last updated on MDtodate: 10/6/2022


Gastrointestinal disorders are the most common adverse reactions with colchicine. These disorders are often the first signs of toxicity and may indicate that the colchicine dose needs to be reduced or therapy stopped. These disorders include diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain.

Colchicine has been reported to cause neuromuscular toxicity, which may present as muscle pain or weakness.

Toxic manifestations associated with colchicine include myelosuppression, disseminated intravascular coagulation and injury to cells in the renal, hepatic, circulatory and central nervous systems. These toxicities most often occur with excessive accumulation or overdosage.

The following adverse reactions have been reported with colchicine. These adverse reactions have been generally reversible upon interrupting treatment or lowering the dose of colchicine.

Neurological: sensory motor neuropathy

Dermatological: alopecia, maculopapular rash, purpura, rash

Digestive: abdominal cramping, abdominal pain, diarrhea, lactose intolerance, nausea, vomiting

Hematological: leukopenia, granulocytopenia, thrombocytopenia, pancytopenia, aplastic anemia

Hepatobiliary: elevated AST, elevated ALT

Musculoskeletal: myopathy, elevated CPK, myotonia, muscle weakness, muscle pain, rhabdomyolysis

Reproductive: azoospermia, oligospermia