• Generic Name: lanthanum carbonate chewable tablets
  • Brand Name: Fosrenol
  • Drug Class: Sphingosine 1-Phosphate Receptor Modulators
Last updated on MDtodate: 10/6/2022


The following adverse reactions are discussed in greater detail in other sections of the labeling:

  • Gastrointestinal Adverse Effects

Clinical Trials Experience

Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice.

Overall, the safety profile of FOSRENOL has been studied in over 5,200 subjects in completed clinical trials. The most common adverse reactions for FOSRENOL were gastrointestinal events, such as nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain and they generally abated over time with continued dosing.

In double-blind, placebo-controlled studies where a total of 180 and 95 patients with ESRD were randomized to FOSRENOL chewable tablet and placebo, respectively, for 4 to 6 weeks of treatment, the most common reactions that were more frequent (>5% difference) in the FOSRENOL group were nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain (Table 1).

Table 1: Adverse Reactions* That Were More Common on FOSRENOL in Placebo-Controlled, Double-Blind Studies with Treatment Periods of 4 to 6 Weeks

Placebo %
Nausea 11 5
Vomiting 9 4
Abdominal pain 5 0
*Expressed as the event rate for each term


In an open-label, long-term 2-year extension study in 93 patients who had transitioned from other studies, resulting in a total of up to 6 years treatment, mean baseline values and changes in transaminases were similar to those observed in the earlier comparative studies, with little change during treatment.

The safety of FOSRENOL was studied in two long-term, open-label clinical trials, which included 1,215 patients treated with FOSRENOL and 944 with alternative therapy. Fourteen percent (14%) of patients treated with FOSRENOL discontinued treatment due to adverse events. Gastrointestinal adverse reactions, such as nausea, diarrhea, and vomiting were the most common types of event leading to discontinuation.

In pooled active comparator controlled clinical trials, hypocalcemia was noted with an incidence of approximately 5% in both lanthanum and active comparator groups. A nonclinical study and a phase 1 study have shown reduced absorption of calcium in the intestine with lanthanum carbonate treatment.

In a crossover study in 72 healthy individuals comparing FOSRENOL Chewable Tablets to FOSRENOL Oral Powder, gastrointestinal adverse reactions such as nausea, diarrhea, and vomiting were more common for the oral powder formulation (18%) than for the chewable tablets (7%).

Postmarketing Experience

The following adverse reactions have been identified during post-approval use of FOSRENOL. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure.

Cases of constipation, intestinal perforation, intestinal obstruction, ileus, subileus, dyspepsia, allergic skin reactions, hypophosphatemia, and tooth injury while chewing the tablet have been reported.