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  • Generic Name: treprostinil inhalation solution
  • Brand Name: Tyvaso
  • Drug Class: PAH, Prostacyclin Analogs
Last updated on MDtodate: 10/12/2022


  • Decrease in systemic blood pressure
  • Bleeding

Clinical Trials Experience

Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice.

Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension

In a 12-week, placebo-controlled study (TRIUMPH I) of 235 patients with PAH (WHO Group 1 and nearly all NYHA Functional Class III), the most commonly reported adverse reactions on Tyvaso included cough and throat irritation, headache, gastrointestinal effects, muscle, jaw or bone pain, dizziness, flushing, and syncope. Table 1 lists the adverse reactions that occurred at a rate of at least 4% and were more frequent in patients treated with Tyvaso than with placebo.

Table 1: Adverse Events in ≥4% of PAH Patients Receiving Tyvaso and More Frequenta than Placebo in TRIUMPH I

Adverse Event Treatment n (%)
Cough 62 (54) 35 (29)
Headache 47 (41) 27 (23)
Throat Irritation / Pharyngolaryngeal Pain 29 (25) 17 (14)
Nausea 22 (19) 13 (11)
Flushing 17 (15) 1 (<1)
Syncope 7 (6) 1 (<1)
a More than 3% greater than placebo


The safety of Tyvaso was also studied in a long-term, open-label extension study in which 206 patients were dosed for a mean duration of 2.3 years, with a maximum exposure of 5.4 years. Eighty-nine percent (89%) of patients achieved the target dose of 9 breaths, 4 times daily. Forty-two percent (42%) achieved a dose of 12 breaths, 4 times daily. The adverse events during this chronic dosing study were qualitatively similar to those observed in the 12-week placebo-controlled trial.

In a prospective, observational study comparing patients taking Tyvaso (958 patient-years of exposure) and a control group (treatment with other approved therapies for PAH; 1094 patient-years), Tyvaso was associated with a higher rate of cough (16.2 vs. 10.9 per 100 patient-years), throat irritation (4.5 vs. 1.2 per 100 pt-years), nasal discomfort (2.6 vs. 1.3 per 100 pt-years), and hemoptysis (2.5 vs. 1.3 per 100 pt-years) compared to the control group.

Pulmonary Hypertension Associated With ILD

In a 16-week, placebo-controlled study (INCREASE) of 326 patients with PH-ILD (WHO Group 3), adverse reactions were similar to the experience in studies of PAH.

Post-Marketing Experience

The adverse reaction of angioedema has been identified during the post-approval use of Tyvaso. Because this reaction is reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate the frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure.



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