Generic name: bexarotene
Dosage form: gel
Drug class: Miscellaneous topical agents
Medically reviewed by A Ras MD
What is Targretin Gel?
Targretin (tar-GRET-in) gel contains bexarotene (beks-AIR-oh-teen). Targretin gel belongs to a class of medicines known as retinoids.
This medicine is used to treat the skin problems arising from a disease called cutaneous T-cell lymphoma, or CTCL. Your health care provider has prescribed Targretin for the topical treatment of the cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL), or mycosis fungoides (MF), lesions (sometimes referred to as patches or plaques) on your skin. Your doctor must instruct you on the proper use of Targretin gel. The following instructions will help you successfully begin and continue your treatment.
How quickly can I expect Targretin Gel to work?
Be patient. Targretin gel takes time to work. In clinical trials, some patients began to respond as early as 4 weeks, but most patients did not experience their best response until 48 to 62 weeks of treatment. Do not stop treatment at the first sign of improvement. Continue to use Targretin gel as instructed by your health care provider.
What is the most important information I should know about Targretin Gel?
Do not use Targretin gel if you are pregnant or if you plan to become pregnant.
- Targretin gel may harm your fetus (unborn baby). You should contact your doctor immediately if you believe or suspect you are pregnant while you are using Targretin gel and until one month after you stop using Targretin gel.
- If you are capable of becoming pregnant, you must have a pregnancy test, within one week before you start Targretin gel therapy and monthly while you are using Targretin gel, confirming you are not pregnant.
- You must use effective contraception (birth control) continuously starting one month before beginning treatment with Targretin gel until one month after you stop using Targretin gel. It is recommended that two reliable forms of contraception be used together.
- If you are male and your partner is pregnant or capable of becoming pregnant, you should discuss with your doctor the precautions you should take.
For external use only.
Do not apply the gel on or near mucosal surfaces of the body such as eyes, nostrils, mouth, lips, vagina, tip of the penis, rectum, or anus.
Do not use insect repellents containing DEET (N,N-diethyl-m-toluamide) or other products containing DEET while using Targretin gel.
Keep out of reach of children.
Product contains alcohol and should be kept away from open flame.
Do not use Targretin gel if you are pregnant or breastfeeding. Speak to your health care provider if you have any questions or need more information.
Who should not use Targretin Gel?
Do not use Targretin gel if you are allergic to this medicine.
Do not use Targretin gel if you are pregnant or believe you may be pregnant.
What should I tell my healthcare provider before using Targretin Gel?
If you have any of the following conditions, make sure you have discussed them with your doctor before you start to take this medicine.
- If you are breast feeding.
- If you are allergic to retinoid medications (for example: Accutane [isotretinoin], Soriatane [acitretin], Tegison [etretinate], Vesinoid [tretinoin]).
When should you be extra careful while using Targretin gel?
- Because vitamin A in large doses may cause some side effects which are similar to those seen in patients applying Targretin gel, Do not take more than the recommended daily dietary allowance of vitamin A (4000 to 5000 International Units). If you take vitamins, check the label to see how much vitamin A they contain. If you are not sure, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
- Your skin may become more sensitive to sunlight while using this medicine. Minimize exposure to sunlight and Do not use a sunlamp.
How should I use Targretin Gel?
HOW TO APPLY
Apply Targretin gel to your CTCL lesions using a clean washed finger. Place a generous coating of gel over the entire surface of each lesion. You should not apply gel to the healthy skin around the lesion. The extra effort you take in carefully applying the gel only to the area of the CTCL lesion will help to lessen any irritation or redness that may occur. Proper application should leave some gel visible on the surface of the lesion when you are finished with the application.
Immediately following application, wipe the finger(s) you have used to apply the gel with a disposable tissue and wash your hands using soap and water.
Allow five (5) to ten (10) minutes for the gel to dry before covering a treated area with clothing.
A mild non-deodorant soap is recommended when bathing or showering. If you apply Targretin gel after your shower or bath, you should wait 20 minutes before application.
WHEN TO APPLY
Targretin gel should be applied at an initial frequency of once every other day for the first week. The frequency of application should then be increased as tolerated at weekly intervals to once daily, then twice daily, then three times daily, and finally four times daily. Your health care provider may instruct you to apply Targretin gel at a different frequency.
The opening of the Targretin gel tube is covered by a metal safety seal. If this seal has been punctured or is not visible when you first open the package, do not use this tube and promptly return the product to your pharmacy or place of purchase.
To open, use the pointed portion of the cap to puncture the metal safety seal.
Always use the cap to close the tube tightly after each use.
Store at room temperature. Keep away from heat or flame.
The gel should not be used after the expiration date printed on the tube.
Keep this medicine out of the reach and sight of children.
What should I avoid while using Targretin Gel?
You should avoid:
- applying Targretin gel to areas of healthy skin around a CTCL lesion. Exposure of healthy skin to Targretin gel may cause unnecessary irritation or redness.
- showering, bathing, or swimming until at least three (3) hours after any application, if possible.
- covering the CTCL lesions treated with Targretin gel with any bandage or material other than loose clothing.
- prolonged exposure of the treated area to sunlight or other ultraviolet (UV) light (such as tanning lamps).
- the use of other topical products on your treated CTCL lesions.
- scratching the treated areas.
What are the possible side effects of Targretin Gel?
While using Targretin gel, you may experience some local effects such as redness, itching, burning, irritation, and scaling at the area of application. In clinical trials, the majority of these effects were mild or moderate, but some patients did experience more severe rash, itching, irritation, and inflammation. A few patients discontinued treatment due to these types of effects. Should these or other effects become troublesome to you, consult your health care provider. He or she can provide information on how to manage these effects.
All medications have side effects. You should call your physician regarding any questions or concerns you may have when using Targretin gel.
General information about the safe and effective use of Targretin Gel
If you have questions about your treatment, talk with your health care provider.
How should I store Targretin Gel?
- Store at room temperature. Keep away from heat or flame.
- The gel should not be used after the expiration date printed on the tube.
- Keep this medicine out of the reach and sight of children.
What are the ingredients in Targretin Gel?
Active ingredient: bexarotene
Inactive ingredients: alcohol; polyethylene glycol 400; hydroxypropyl cellulose, unspecified; butylated hydroxytoluene