Hylenex

Generic name: hyaluronidase (injection)
Brand names: Amphadase, Hylenex, Vitrase
Drug class: Miscellaneous uncategorized agents

Medically reviewed by  A Ras MD.

What is Hylenex used for?

Hylenex is a medicine that is used to help other drugs get into the body. Hylenex may be given to you for other reasons.

Description

HYLENEX recombinant is a purified preparation of the enzyme recombinant human hyaluronidase. HYLENEX recombinant is produced by genetically engineered Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO) cells containing a DNA plasmid encoding for a soluble fragment of human hyaluronidase (PH20). The purified hyaluronidase glycoprotein contains 447 amino acids with an approximate molecular weight of 61,000 Daltons.

HYLENEX recombinant is supplied as a sterile, clear, colorless, nonpreserved, ready-for-use solution. Each mL contains 150 USP units of recombinant human hyaluronidase with 8.5 mg sodium chloride, 1.4 mg dibasic sodium phosphate, 1 mg albumin human, 1.5 mg L-methionine, 0.2 mg polysorbate 80, and hydrochloric acid and sodium hydroxide added for pH adjustment.

HYLENEX recombinant has an approximate pH of 7.0 and an osmolality of 280 to 340 mOsm/kg.

Mechanism of Action

Hyaluronidase is a dispersion agent, which modifies the permeability of connective tissue through the hydrolysis of hyaluronic acid, a polysaccharide found in the intercellular ground substance of connective tissue, and of certain specialized tissues, such as the umbilical cord and vitreous humor. Hyaluronic acid is also present in the capsules of type A and C hemolytic streptococci. Hyaluronidase hydrolyzes hyaluronic acid by splitting the glucosaminidic bond between C1 of an N-acetylglucosamine moiety and C4 of a glucuronic acid moiety. This temporarily decreases the viscosity of the cellular cement and promotes dispersion of injected fluids or of localized transudates or exudates, thus facilitating their absorption.

Hyaluronidase cleaves glycosidic bonds of hyaluronic acid and, to a variable degree, some other acid mucopolysaccharides of the connective tissue. The activity is measured in vitro by monitoring the decrease in the amount of an insoluble serum albumin-hyaluronic acid complex as the enzyme cleaves the hyaluronic acid component.

Before taking Hylenex, tell your doctor:

  • If you are allergic to Hylenex; any part of this medicine; or any other drugs, foods, or substances. Tell your doctor about the allergy and what signs you had.
  • If you have an infection or skin problem where the shot will be given.

This is not a list of all drugs or health problems that interact with this medicine.

Tell your doctor and pharmacist about all of your drugs (prescription or OTC, natural products, vitamins) and health problems. You must check to make sure that it is safe for you to take Hylenex with all of your drugs and health problems. Do not start, stop, or change the dose of any drug without checking with your doctor.

What are some things I need to know or do while I take Hylenex?

  • Tell all of your health care providers that you take Hylenex. This includes your doctors, nurses, pharmacists, and dentists.
  • This medicine is made from human plasma (part of the blood) and may have viruses that may cause disease. This medicine is screened, tested, and treated to lower the chance that it carries an infection. Talk with the doctor.
  • Use with care in children. Talk with the doctor.
  • Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan on getting pregnant. You will need to talk about the benefits and risks of using Hylenex while you are pregnant.
  • Tell your doctor if you are breast-feeding. You will need to talk about any risks to your baby.

How is Hylenex best taken?

Use Hylenex as ordered by your doctor. Read all information given to you. Follow all instructions closely.

  • It is given as a shot into the skin.
  • A test dose may be given before the first dose. If you have questions, talk with the doctor.

What do I do if I miss a dose?

  • Call your doctor to find out what to do.

What are the side effects of Hylenex that I need to call my doctor about immediately?

WARNING/CAUTION: Even though it may be rare, some people may have very bad and sometimes deadly side effects when taking a drug. Tell your doctor or get medical help right away if you have any of the following signs or symptoms that may be related to a very bad side effect:

  • Signs of an allergic reaction, like rash; hives; itching; red, swollen, blistered, or peeling skin with or without fever; wheezing; tightness in the chest or throat; trouble breathing, swallowing, or talking; unusual hoarseness; or swelling of the mouth, face, lips, tongue, or throat.
  • Very bad irritation where the shot was given.
  • Redness or swelling where the shot is given.
  • Pain where the shot was given.

What are some other side effects of Hylenex?

All drugs may cause side effects. However, many people have no side effects or only have minor side effects. Call your doctor or get medical help if any of these side effects or any other side effects bother you or do not go away:

  • Irritation where the shot is given.

These are not all of the side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, call your doctor. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects.

You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-332-1088. You may also report side effects at https://www.fda.gov/medwatch.

If overdose is suspected:

If you think there has been an overdose, call your poison control center or get medical care right away. Be ready to tell or show what was taken, how much, and when it happened.

How do I store and/or throw out Hylenex?

  • If you need to store Hylenex at home, talk with your doctor, nurse, or pharmacist about how to store it.

 

Label

PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL – 1 ML VIAL CARTON

  • NDC 18657-117-04
  • Hylenex®
    recombinant 4 x 1 mL
    (hyaluronidase
    human injection)
  • 150 USP units/mL
    NOT FOR IV USE
    REFRIGERATE
  • Rx only
  • Single Dose Vials
    HALOZYME THERAPEUTICS
PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL - 1 mL Vial Carton

 

 

SRC: NLM .