Generic name: eravacycline
Brand name: Xerava
Dosage form: intravenous powder for injection (100 mg; 50 mg)
Drug class: Tetracyclines
Medically reviewed by A Ras MD.
What is eravacycline?
Eravacycline is a prescription medicine that is used to treat bacterial infections.
XERAVA contains eravacycline, a synthetic tetracycline-class antibacterial agent for intravenous administration. Chemically, eravacycline is a C7-, C9-substituted sancycline derivative. The chemical name of eravacycline dihydrochloride is [(4 S,4a S,5a R,12a S)-4-(dimethylamino)-7-fluoro-3,10,12,12a-tetrahydroxy-1,11-dioxo-9-[2‑(pyrrolidin-1-yl) acetamido]-1,4,4a,5,5a,6,11,12a-octahydrotetracene-2-carboxamide] dihydrochloride. The molecular formula for eravacycline dihydrochloride is C 27H 31FN 4O 8•2HCl, and its molecular weight is 631.5.
The following represents the chemical structure of eravacycline dihydrochloride:
XERAVA is a sterile, preservative-free, yellow to orange, lyophilized powder in a glass single-dose vial for intravenous infusion after reconstitution and dilution. XERAVA is supplied in two (2) strengths as follows:
- Each 50 mg single-dose vial contains 50 mg of eravacycline (equivalent to 63.5 mg of eravacycline dihydrochloride) and the excipient, mannitol (150 mg). Sodium hydroxide and hydrochloric acid are used as needed for pH adjustment to 5.5 to 7.0.
- Each 100 mg single-dose vial contains 100 mg of eravacycline (equivalent to 127 mg of eravacycline dihydrochloride) and the excipient, mannitol (150 mg). Sodium hydroxide and hydrochloric acid are used as needed for pH adjustment to 5.5 to 7.0.
Before taking eravacycline, tell your doctor:
- If you are allergic to eravacycline; any part of this medicine; or any other drugs, foods, or substances. Tell your doctor about the allergy and what signs you had.
- If you are breast-feeding. Do not breast-feed for at least 4 days after using eravacycline.
This medicine may interact with other drugs or health problems.
Tell your doctor and pharmacist about all of your drugs (prescription or OTC, natural products, vitamins) and health problems. You must check to make sure that it is safe for you to take eravacycline with all of your drugs and health problems. Do not start, stop, or change the dose of any drug without checking with your doctor.
What are some things I need to know or do while I take eravacycline?
For all patients taking eravacycline:
- Tell all of your health care providers that you take eravacycline. This includes your doctors, nurses, pharmacists, and dentists.
- Allergic reactions have happened with eravacycline. Rarely, some reactions can be very bad or life-threatening. Talk with the doctor.
- Do not use longer than you have been told. A second infection may happen.
- This medicine may make you sunburn more easily. Use care if you will be in the sun. Tell your doctor if you sunburn easily while taking eravacycline.
- This medicine may cause harm to the unborn baby if you take it while you are pregnant. If you are pregnant or you get pregnant while taking eravacycline, call your doctor right away.
- This medicine is not approved for use in children. Talk with the doctor.
- This medicine may cause a change in tooth color to yellow-gray-brown in children younger than 8 years old. If this change of tooth color happens, it will not go away. Talk with the doctor.
- Do not give to a child younger than 8 years of age.
How is eravacycline best taken?
Use eravacycline as ordered by your doctor. Read all information given to you. Follow all instructions closely.
- It is given as an infusion into a vein over a period of time.
What do I do if I miss a dose?
- Call your doctor to find out what to do.
What are the side effects of eravacycline that I need to call my doctor about immediately?
WARNING/CAUTION: Even though it may be rare, some people may have very bad and sometimes deadly side effects when taking a drug. Tell your doctor or get medical help right away if you have any of the following signs or symptoms that may be related to a very bad side effect:
- Signs of an allergic reaction, like rash; hives; itching; red, swollen, blistered, or peeling skin with or without fever; wheezing; tightness in the chest or throat; trouble breathing, swallowing, or talking; unusual hoarseness; or swelling of the mouth, face, lips, tongue, or throat.
- Signs of liver problems like dark urine, feeling tired, not hungry, upset stomach or stomach pain, light-colored stools, throwing up, or yellow skin or eyes.
- Signs of too much acid in the blood (acidosis) like confusion; fast breathing; fast heartbeat; a heartbeat that does not feel normal; very bad stomach pain, upset stomach, or throwing up; feeling very sleepy; shortness of breath; or feeling very tired or weak.
- Signs of a pancreas problem (pancreatitis) like very bad stomach pain, very bad back pain, or very bad upset stomach or throwing up.
- Change in eyesight.
- Not able to pass urine or change in how much urine is passed.
- Diarrhea is common with antibiotics. Rarely, a severe form called C diff–associated diarrhea (CDAD) may happen. Sometimes, this has led to a deadly bowel problem (colitis). CDAD may happen during or a few months after taking antibiotics. Call your doctor right away if you have stomach pain, cramps, or very loose, watery, or bloody stools. Check with your doctor before treating diarrhea.
What are some other side effects of eravacycline?
All drugs may cause side effects. However, many people have no side effects or only have minor side effects. Call your doctor or get medical help if any of these side effects or any other side effects bother you or do not go away:
- Upset stomach or throwing up.
- Irritation where eravacycline is given.
These are not all of the side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, call your doctor. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects.
You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-332-1088. You may also report side effects at https://www.fda.gov/medwatch.
If overdose is suspected:
If you think there has been an overdose, call your poison control center or get medical care right away. Be ready to tell or show what was taken, how much, and when it happened.
How do I store and/or throw out eravacycline?
- If you need to store eravacycline at home, talk with your doctor, nurse, or pharmacist about how to store it.
SRC: NLM .