ACTHIB SIDE EFFECTS

  • Generic Name: haemophilus b conjugate vaccine
  • Brand Name: ActHIB
  • Drug Class: Vaccines, Inactivated, Bacterial
Last updated on MDtodate: 10/03/2022

SIDE EFFECTS

Clinical Trials Experience

Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a vaccine cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another vaccine and may not reflect the rates observed in practice.

More than 7,000 infants and young children (≤2 years of age) have received at least one dose of ActHIB vaccine during US clinical trials. Of these, 1,064 subjects 12 to 24 months of age who received ActHIB vaccine alone reported no serious or life threatening adverse reactions.(1) (2)

Adverse reactions associated with ActHIB vaccine generally subsided after 24 hours and did not persist beyond 48 hours after immunization.

In a US trial, the safety of ActHIB vaccine was evaluated in 110 children 15 to 20 months of age. All children received three doses of Haemophilus influenzae type b conjugate vaccine (ActHIB vaccine or a previously licensed Haemophilus b conjugate vaccine) at approximately 2, 4, and 6 months of age. The incidence of selected solicited injection site and systemic adverse reactions which occurred within 48 hours following the dose of ActHIB vaccine is shown in Table 1.

Table 1: Local and Systemic Reactions at 6, 24, and 48 Hours Following Immunization with ActHIB Vaccine in Children 15 to 20 months old (2)

Adverse Event 6 Hrs. Post-dose 24 Hrs. Post-dose 48 Hrs. Post-dose
Local (%) N=110 N=110 N=110
Tenderness 20.0 8.2 0.9
Erythema (>1”) 0.0 0.9 0.0
Induration* 5.5 3.6 0.9
Swelling 3.6 1.8 0.0
Systemic (%) N=103-110 N=105-110 N=104-110
Fever
(>102.2°F)
(>39.0°C)
0 1.0 1.9
Irritability 27.3 20.9 12.7
Drowsiness 36.4 17.3 12.7
Adverse Event 6 Hrs. Post-dose 24 Hrs. Post-dose 48 Hrs. Post-dose
Anorexia 12.7 10.0 6.4
Vomiting 0.9 0.9 0.9
Persistent cry 0 0 0
Unusual cry 0 0 0
*Induration is defined as hardness with or without swelling.

 

In a US clinical trial (P3T06), 1,454 children were enrolled and received one dose of ActHIB vaccine at 2 months of age and subsequent doses administered at 4 and 6 months of age (concomitantly with DAPTACEL [a US-licensed diphtheria, tetanus and pertussis vaccine], IPOL [a US-licensed inactivated poliovirus vaccine] and PCV7 [Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine, 7-valent]) vaccines at 2, 4, and 6 months of age and hepatitis B vaccine at 2 and 6 months of age). At 15-16 months of age, 418 children received a 4th dose of ActHIB and DAPTACEL vaccines. The most frequent systemic reactions following any dose (>50% of participants) were decreased activity/lethargy, fussiness/irritability, and inconsolable crying.

Table 2: Number (Percentage) of Children with Selected Solicited Systemic Adverse Reactions by Severity Occurring within 0-3 days After Vaccination in Study P3T06

Systemic Reactions DAPTACEL + IPOL + ActHIB Vaccines DAPTACEL + ActHIB Vaccines
Dose 1
N=1,390-1,406 %
Dose 2
N=1,346-1,360 %
Dose 3
N=1,301-1,312 %
Dose 4
N=379-381 %
Fever*†
≥38.0°C 9.3 16.1 15.8 8.7
>38.5°C 1.6 4.3 5.1 3.2
>39.5°C 0.1 0.4 0.3 0.8
Decreased Activity/Lethargy‡
Any 51.1 37.4 33.2 24.1
Moderate or Severe 24.3 15.8 12.7 9.2
Severe 1.2 1.4 0.6 0.3
Inconsolable Crying
Any 58.5 51.4 47.9 36.2
≥1 hour 16.4 16.0 12.2 10.5
>3 hours 2.2 3.4 1.4 1.8
Fussiness/Irritability
Any 75.8 70.7 67.1 53.8
≥1 hour 33.3 30.5 26.2 19.4
>3 hours 5.6 5.5 4.3 4.5
Note. – Ages of study participants ranged from 1.3 to 19.5 months.
*Fever is based upon actual temperatures recorded with no adjustments to the measurement route.
†Following Doses 1-3 combined, the proportion of temperature measurements that were taken by axillary, rectal or other routes, or not recorded were 44.8%, 54.0%, 1.0%, and 0.1%, respectively. Following Dose 4, the proportion of temperature measurements that were taken by axillary, rectal or other routes, or not recorded were 61.1%, 36.6%, 1.7%, and 0.5%, respectively.
‡Moderate: interferes with or limits usual daily activity; Severe: disabling, not interested in usual daily activity.

 

In Study P3T06, within 30 days following any of Doses 1-3 of DAPTACEL + IPOL + ActHIB vaccines, 50 of 1,455 (3.4%) participants experienced a serious adverse event (SAE). One SAE of seizure with apnea occurring on the day of vaccination with the first dose of the three vaccines was determined by the investigators as possibly related. Within 30 days following Dose 4, four of 418 (1.0%) participants who received DAPTACEL + ActHIB vaccines experienced a serious adverse event. None was assessed by the investigators as related to the study of vaccines.

Postmarketing Experience

The following events have been spontaneously reported during the post-approval use of ActHIB vaccine. Because these events are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to vaccine exposure.

  • Immune system disorders: Anaphylaxis, other allergic/hypersensitivity reactions (including urticaria, angioedema)
  • Nervous system disorders: Convulsions
  • General disorders and administration site conditions: Extensive limb swelling, peripheral edema, pruritus, rash (including generalized rash)

 

SRC: NLM .